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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Animal welfare.

Book cover for Animal welfare.

Description

This third edition of "Animal Welfare" has 407 pages and is divided into five parts. Part I, Issues, introduces the background and philosophy of the subject. Part II covers problems for animal welfare, starting in chapter 3 with the animal's interactions with its environment. The following four chapters use categories similar to the UK Farm Animal Welfare Committee's (undated) Five Freedoms, altho...

Metrics

Chapter 13 (Page no: 253)

Physical conditions.

The physical environment of an animal is sometimes altered if it is found to cause problems for animal welfare. These changes are commonly quite specific (making changes to space, food, aspects of housing design such as flooring, or other environmental factors such as air quality) and may be effective in preventing injuries or disease. However, such measures may not be implemented in practice (usually for economic reasons), and where implemented may cause other problems, as when concern for hygiene leads to animals being kept in barren conditions. Numerous ways have also been tried to diversify feeding methods to improve animal welfare, but specific changes such as these to the environment often have widespread effects, some of which may be detrimental. For example, the inclusion of novel pen structures meant to enrich the environment may lead to increased aggression. A more general approach is therefore appropriate. One area where this is particularly relevant is in handling and transport, when animals encounter environments that are wholly new to them. For environments where animals spend more time, several studies have attempted a 'biological approach' in which biological functioning is considered while avoiding simplistic assumptions of 'natural is best'. We consider as examples systematic tests of environmental enrichment for pigs, novel designs for loose housing of lactating sows and their litters, and furnished cages for laying hens. Stringent tests of every design feature and their interactions are necessary to produce commercial designs from such studies.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Animal ethics. Author(s): Palmer, C. Sandøe, P.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 16) Understanding animal welfare. Author(s): Keeling, L. J. Rushen, J. Duncan, I. J. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 39) Environmental challenge and animal agency. Author(s): Špinka, M. Wemelsfelder, F.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 56) Hunger and thirst. Author(s): Kyriazakis, I. Tolkamp, B.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 76) Pain. Author(s): Viñuela-Fernández, I. Weary, D. M. Flecknell, P. A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 92) Fear and other negative emotions. Author(s): Boissy, A. Dwyer, C. M. Jones, R. B.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 114) Frustration and boredom in impoverished environments. Author(s): Mason, G. J. Burn, C. C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 141) Health and disease. Author(s): Cockram, M. S. Hughes, B. O.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 160) Behaviour. Author(s): Olsson, I. A. S. Würbel, H. Mench, J. A.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 181) Physiology. Author(s): Blache, D. Terlouw, C. Maloney, S. K.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 213) Preference and motivation research. Author(s): Fraser, D. Nicol, C. J.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 232) Practical strategies to assess (and improve) welfare. Author(s): Butterworth, A. Mench, J. A. Wielebnowski, N. Olsson, I. A. S.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 271) Social conditions. Author(s): Galindo, F. Newberry, R. C. Mendl, M.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 294) Human contact. Author(s): Hemsworth, P. H. Sherwen, S. L. Coleman, G. J.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 315) Genetic selection. Author(s): Hocking, P. M. D'Eath, R. B. Kjaer, J. B.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 335) Economics. Author(s): Bennett, R. M. Thompson, P.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 349) Regulation, enforcement and incentives. Author(s): Knierim, U. Pajor, E. A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 362) International issues. Author(s): Appleby, M. C. Huertas, S. M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2018
  • ISBN
  • 9781786390202
  • Record Number
  • 20183074178