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CABI Book Chapter

Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Book cover for Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Description

This manual discusses first the history of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production and the health and safety in the seed processing facility, then describes the isolation of the female inflorescence, pollination, harvesting, seed preparation, seed viability testing, seed moisture testing, seed processing for commercial seed production, and seed production for breeding. It shows that the process fo...

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Chapter 4 (Page no: 19)

Pollination.

Pollination is controlled through a window in the specialized isolation bag; this reduces the risk of contamination (foreign pollen, disease and insects). Prior to pollination, the area around the isolation bag is sprayed to kill insects, as these can carry unwanted pollen. Pollen is normally mixed and diluted with talcum powder to provide an inert spreading media. This mixture is blown on to receptive female inflorescences using a surface-sterilized 'popper' that has a tube containing silica gel to adsorb the moisture from the pollinator's breath. The isolation bag is also shaken to spread the pollen over the entire inflorescence. Labels are then attached showing pollination dates and parental genotypes. The isolation bags may be removed once fruit set is established and harvested when fruits are mature.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Introduction. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 11) Health and safety considerations. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 15) Isolation of the female inflorescence. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 25) Harvesting. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 29) Seed preparation. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 35) Seed viability testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 39) Seed moisture testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 43) Seed processing for commercial production. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 53) Seed production for breeding. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.