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Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Book cover for Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Description

This manual discusses first the history of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production and the health and safety in the seed processing facility, then describes the isolation of the female inflorescence, pollination, harvesting, seed preparation, seed viability testing, seed moisture testing, seed processing for commercial seed production, and seed production for breeding. It shows that the process fo...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 29)

Seed preparation.

In order to collect fresh seeds from harvested bunches, the fresh bunch is chopped using an axe (a trained worker must be assigned to this job) to separate the spikelets from the stalk. Fruits attached to spikelets are fermented for 3-4 days in an area separate from the detached fruits. Detached fruits are peeled by hand by a skilled person using a sharp knife. Detached fruits are placed in a de-pulping machine to remove the mesocarp from the seed (nut). Seeds that still have fibre are cleaned by scraping with a sharp knife; this reduces fungal contamination. The clean fresh seeds are then treated with a disinfectant and fungicide solution for about 3 min and placed into perforated trays to dry in the open air under a fan for about 24 h. The dried seeds are sorted to remove off-types (white, small and broken) and transferred to slow drying conditions at 19-23°C for about 24 h.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Introduction. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 11) Health and safety considerations. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 15) Isolation of the female inflorescence. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 19) Pollination. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 25) Harvesting. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 35) Seed viability testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 39) Seed moisture testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 43) Seed processing for commercial production. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 53) Seed production for breeding. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.