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Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Book cover for Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

Description

This manual discusses first the history of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production and the health and safety in the seed processing facility, then describes the isolation of the female inflorescence, pollination, harvesting, seed preparation, seed viability testing, seed moisture testing, seed processing for commercial seed production, and seed production for breeding. It shows that the process fo...

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Chapter 10 (Page no: 53)

Seed production for breeding.

Seed production processes for breeding follow the same basic processes as described for (Dura) commercial seed. Breeding seed may be either Dura (thick shelled) or Tenera (thin shelled). As in commercial production, oil palm breeding seeds require heat treatment before germination will start. Seed processing procedures described in Chapters 6-9 of this manual should be implemented, but the target is dependent on the numbers of germinated seeds required for breeding purposes, e.g. trialling. Also, Tenera seeds, which are thin shelled, are treated slightly differently to thick-shelled Dura seeds during the heating step to break dormancy. Normally, Tenera seeds have a lower germination rate compared to Duras, due to them being more susceptible to fungal attack.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Introduction. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 11) Health and safety considerations. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 15) Isolation of the female inflorescence. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 19) Pollination. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 25) Harvesting. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 29) Seed preparation. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 35) Seed viability testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 39) Seed moisture testing. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 43) Seed processing for commercial production. Author(s): Kelanaputra, E. S. Nelson, S. P. C. Setiawati, U. Sitepu, B. Nur, F. Forster, B. P. Purba, A. R.