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CABI Book Chapter

Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Book cover for Parthenium weed: biology, ecology and management.

Description

This book has been a collective effort by 26 members of the International Parthenium Weed Network, which is an International network of expert volunteers devoted to creating awareness about the parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) threat, and to sharing information on how to reduce its adverse impacts upon agro-ecosystems, the environment and human health. The book builds on a fundamental un...

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Chapter 12 (Page no: 231)

History and management - Southern Asia.

In Southern Asia, parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) is now present in most countries, including India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan. Although there are no confirmed reports of its presence in Afghanistan or Maldives, it is highly likely that it is present in Afghanistan. This chapter discusses the history of invasion, background, spread and management of pathenium weed in Southern Asia. Parthenium weed, arguably the most important invasive plant species in Southern Asia, is well adapted to thrive in the wide-ranging habitats of this region, making management extremely difficult. One conclusion reached is that only an integrated management approach, which involves a suite of strategies (cultural, physical, biological and chemical), will be effective in managing this weed on a long-term and sustainable basis in this region. Management has to be viewed in the long term and needs to involve collaboration across states, regions and countries, as there seems to be no 'silver bullet' solution to this challenging weed.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) An introduction to the 'demon plant' parthenium weed. Author(s): Adkins, S. W. Asad Shabbir Dhileepan, K.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 7) Biology and ecology. Author(s): Adkins, S. W. McClay, A. Bajwa, A. A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 40) Spread. Author(s): Asad Shabbir McConnachie, A. Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 57) Interference and impact of parthenium weed on agriculture. Author(s): Bajwa, A. A. Asad Shabbir Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 79) Impacts on the environment. Author(s): Witt, A. Belgeri, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 105) Impact of parthenium weed on human and animal health. Author(s): Allan, S. Shi BoYang Adkins, S. W.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 131) Biological control. Author(s): Dhileepan, K. McFadyen, R. Strathie, L. Naeem Khan
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 157) Management: physical, cultural, chemical. Author(s): Campbell, S. D. Vogler, W. D. Tamado Tana
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 177) Coordination of management. Author(s): Asad Shabbir Sushilkumar Macdonald, I. A. W. Terblanche, C.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 190) Parthenium weed: uses and abuses. Author(s): Nimal Chandrasena Rao, A. N.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 212) History and management - Australia and Pacific. Author(s): McFadyen, R. Kunjithapatham Dhileepan Day, M.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 253) History and management in East and South-east Asia. Author(s): Shi BoYang Tang SaiChun Nguyen Thi Lan Thi Kunjithapatham Dhileepan
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 264) History and management - Southern Africa and western Indian Ocean islands. Author(s): Strathie, L. W. McConnachie, A. J.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 287) History and management - East and North Africa, and the Middle East. Author(s): McConnachie, A. Witt, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 303) Conclusions. Author(s): Adkins, S. W. Asad Shabbir Kunjithapatham Dhileepan

Chapter details