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Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Book cover for Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Description

This book reports on long-term comparative organic farming systems' research trials carried out over the last 5 years in the Southern Cape of South Africa, as well as research into the successes and failures of the organic sector and the technical tools required for sustainable development in South Africa, Zambia, Uganda and Tanzania. It includes 24 chapters organized into 4 parts. Part 1 (Chapter...

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Chapter 2 (Page no: 21)

An overview of global organic and regenerative agriculture movements.

This chapter gives an historical overview of the organic agriculture (OA) sector and the closely aligned production systems of agroecology, permaculture and regenerative agriculture. It explains how the modern organic movement emerged from concern over the loss of quality in crops with an increase in diseases and pest attacks affecting yields in the later part of the 1800s in Europe and the USA, after the introduction of chemical fertilizers. The researchers and farmers involved in the movements that would lead to modern OA believed that there was a direct relationship between the health of the soil, of the crops that were grown in it and of the animals and people who consumed these crops. The formal international organic movement began in France on 5 November 1972 at a meeting at Versailles and formed the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM). It is the global umbrella organization that sets the international standards, policies, definitions and positions around the multi-functionality of organic agriculture through consulting with its members; these cover the whole spectrum of the sector in most countries in the world. Consequently, IFOAM documents are seen as credible source texts for reference material. Most of the world's organic standards and certification systems are based directly or indirectly on IFOAM's Standards. IFOAM put forward the concept of Organic 3.0 in 2013 to enable a widespread uptake of truly sustainable farming systems and markets based on organic principles and imbued with a culture of innovation, of progressive improvement towards best practice, of transparent integrity, of inclusive collaboration, of holistic systems, and of true value pricing. A rapidly emerging sector is regenerative agriculture. It is a concept of agricultural systems improving the resources they use, rather than destroying or depleting them. It is a holistic systems approach to farming that encourages continual innovation for environmental, social, economic and spiritual well-being. It is closely aligned with the concept of Organic 3.0.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) The developing organic sector in Southern and Eastern Africa: what have we learned about sustainable development? Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Organic research contributes to sector development and good organic policy: the Danish, Swiss, American and African case studies. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 42) The Organic Academy of IFOAM-Organics International: training multipliers in the developing world. Author(s): Hauptfleisch, K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 51) Understanding a food systems approach. Author(s): Strassner, C. Kahl, J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 60) BERAS - a global network of food systems with examples from Sweden, Haiti, Tanzania and India. Author(s): Hertwig, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 81) The likely impact of the 2015-2018 drought in South Africa: lessons from the 2008 food price crisis and future implications. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Piek, H. Battersby, J. Devereux, S. Olivier, N.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 100) The use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) to support organic food systems in Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 113) Strengthening participation in the organic value chain for small-scale farmers in Southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Troosters, W. Auerbach, R. Haysom, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 130) Participatory Guarantee Systems as an organic market entry point for small-scale farmers in South Africa. Author(s): Mashele, N. J. Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 139) Development of an inclusive value chain for peri-urban micro-farmers. Author(s): Purkis, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 151) Supporting vulnerable communities in the Eastern Cape: assessing the rainfall evidence. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 176) Water efficiency, energy efficiency and suburban vegetable production. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Caude, A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 185) Experiential training of farmers and university diploma students in KwaZulu-Natal and the Southern Cape. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 199) The National Organic Agriculture Movement of Uganda. Author(s): Nalunga, J. Auerbach, R. Ssekyewa, C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 209) Factors contributing to adoption or disadoption of organic agriculture in Zambia. Author(s): Munthali, R. Auerbach, R. Mataa, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 217) The rapid incineration field test as an accurate, cost-effective and practical tool for estimating soil carbon in Africa. Author(s): Ackhurst, A. Auerbach, R. Louw, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 233) The Nelson Mandela long-term comparative organic farming systems research trials: baseline study and trial design. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J. Eckert, C.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 250) Comparative water use efficiency and water retention in the Mandela trials. Author(s): Eckert, C. Auerbach, R. Lorentz, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 264) Biological and chemical soil fumigation and pest and disease management comparisons in the Western Cape. Author(s): Niekerk, A. van Auerbach, R. Lamprecht, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 284) Initial assessment of selected biological soil health indicators in organic versus conventional cropping systems in field trials in South Africa. Author(s): Sibiya, M. Habig, J. Storey, S. Labuschagne, N.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 303) Soil fertility changes and crop yields from the first 4 years of the Mandela trials. Author(s): Swanepoel, M. Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 327) Urban agriculture: challenges and opportunities in urban water management and planning. Author(s): Wesselow, M. Kifunda, C. Auerbach, R. Siebenhüner, B.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 337) A future strategy for organic development in Southern Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Purkis, M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Regeneration International, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781786399601
  • Record Number
  • 20193449002