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Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Book cover for Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Description

This book reports on long-term comparative organic farming systems' research trials carried out over the last 5 years in the Southern Cape of South Africa, as well as research into the successes and failures of the organic sector and the technical tools required for sustainable development in South Africa, Zambia, Uganda and Tanzania. It includes 24 chapters organized into 4 parts. Part 1 (Chapter...

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Chapter 6 (Page no: 60)

BERAS - a global network of food systems with examples from Sweden, Haiti, Tanzania and India.

Adopting a food systems approach in practice starts from recognizing that food systems serve the basic human needs of food and drink needed to sustain human life, but also serve wider cultural needs. The food systems approach helps organic food and farming by making interdependencies more apparent, examining internal congruence, and providing a real 'living laboratory' to engage in an innovative process towards sustainable food systems. The original Baltic project of Building Ecological Regenerative Agriculture and Societies brought together many stakeholders in the large area around the Baltic Sea (with a population of 90 million people) to manage natural resources, reduce pollution and improve recycling systems. The project sought to present a realistic, fully integrated ecological alternative for a systemic shift in the whole food chain from farmers to consumers; and thereby to revitalize agricultural and rural development sectors in an economically, socially, culturally and environmentally sustainable manner. Results included: (i) reduction of nitrogen runoff to the Baltic Sea by 47%; and (ii) an increase in soil carbon sequestration of 0.4 t C/ha/year (from on-farm research, 1991-2007). The three main concepts used are: (i) ecological recycling/regenerative agriculture (ERA); (ii) Diet for a Green Planet (DGP); and (iii) local Sustainable Food Societies (SFS). These concepts resulted in the establishment of learning centres (LCs) around the Baltic, and these were later extended to Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Tanzania and India (where there are now seven LCs). The project has helped communities to set goals for food security and local ecological management, and to build extensive networks. Building on holistic philosophies which include local values and spiritual and cultural norms, it has been possible to combine the findings of research into biological systems with the local knowledge of communities, in such a way that the communities have been able to take charge of their development in a way which integrates science, technology, culture and human solidarity, so that responses to climate change, globalization and food insecurity build on best global experience. These case studies contribute to showing transformation pathways towards sustainable food systems, and provide the basis for capacity and institution building needed to ensure successful transformation. They redesign food systems to support healthy diets in a more equitable way.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) The developing organic sector in Southern and Eastern Africa: what have we learned about sustainable development? Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) An overview of global organic and regenerative agriculture movements. Author(s): Leu, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Organic research contributes to sector development and good organic policy: the Danish, Swiss, American and African case studies. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 42) The Organic Academy of IFOAM-Organics International: training multipliers in the developing world. Author(s): Hauptfleisch, K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 51) Understanding a food systems approach. Author(s): Strassner, C. Kahl, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 81) The likely impact of the 2015-2018 drought in South Africa: lessons from the 2008 food price crisis and future implications. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Piek, H. Battersby, J. Devereux, S. Olivier, N.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 100) The use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) to support organic food systems in Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 113) Strengthening participation in the organic value chain for small-scale farmers in Southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Troosters, W. Auerbach, R. Haysom, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 130) Participatory Guarantee Systems as an organic market entry point for small-scale farmers in South Africa. Author(s): Mashele, N. J. Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 139) Development of an inclusive value chain for peri-urban micro-farmers. Author(s): Purkis, M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 151) Supporting vulnerable communities in the Eastern Cape: assessing the rainfall evidence. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 176) Water efficiency, energy efficiency and suburban vegetable production. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Caude, A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 185) Experiential training of farmers and university diploma students in KwaZulu-Natal and the Southern Cape. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 199) The National Organic Agriculture Movement of Uganda. Author(s): Nalunga, J. Auerbach, R. Ssekyewa, C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 209) Factors contributing to adoption or disadoption of organic agriculture in Zambia. Author(s): Munthali, R. Auerbach, R. Mataa, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 217) The rapid incineration field test as an accurate, cost-effective and practical tool for estimating soil carbon in Africa. Author(s): Ackhurst, A. Auerbach, R. Louw, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 233) The Nelson Mandela long-term comparative organic farming systems research trials: baseline study and trial design. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J. Eckert, C.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 250) Comparative water use efficiency and water retention in the Mandela trials. Author(s): Eckert, C. Auerbach, R. Lorentz, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 264) Biological and chemical soil fumigation and pest and disease management comparisons in the Western Cape. Author(s): Niekerk, A. van Auerbach, R. Lamprecht, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 284) Initial assessment of selected biological soil health indicators in organic versus conventional cropping systems in field trials in South Africa. Author(s): Sibiya, M. Habig, J. Storey, S. Labuschagne, N.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 303) Soil fertility changes and crop yields from the first 4 years of the Mandela trials. Author(s): Swanepoel, M. Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 327) Urban agriculture: challenges and opportunities in urban water management and planning. Author(s): Wesselow, M. Kifunda, C. Auerbach, R. Siebenhüner, B.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 337) A future strategy for organic development in Southern Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Purkis, M.