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Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Book cover for Organic food systems meeting the needs of Southern Africa.

Description

This book reports on long-term comparative organic farming systems' research trials carried out over the last 5 years in the Southern Cape of South Africa, as well as research into the successes and failures of the organic sector and the technical tools required for sustainable development in South Africa, Zambia, Uganda and Tanzania. It includes 24 chapters organized into 4 parts. Part 1 (Chapter...

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Chapter 11 (Page no: 139)

Development of an inclusive value chain for peri-urban micro-farmers.

The agricultural sector in South Africa is complex in nature with the historical displacement of its people still impacting on land ownership and farming methods. At the heart of government policy is the redistribution of agricultural land, but this has not been supported with the tools and skills needed to transition into a value chain that is receptive to new entries into the market. Neither does policy recognize the role that smallholder farmers play - internationally - in the creation of a food-secure nation. The growing demand for high-value food commodities (e.g. traditional maize, culinary and medicinal herbs and other niche varieties such as super foods) is opening up opportunities for farmers, especially smallholders to diversify towards commodities that have strong potential for higher returns to land, labour and capital. However, there is an apprehension about the capability of smallholder farmers to participate in the market-oriented production due to their lack of access to markets, financial capital, cost-effective inputs, appropriate technologies, and organized extension services. Many independent practitioners are achieving some success in smaller operations and programmes nationally, often linked to non-governmental organization (NGO) programmes. These programmes often rely on donor funding to continue and are not sustained after funding is withdrawn. Logistics, especially transport, limits small-scale agriculture as most micro-farmers do not have the capital to rent a cold truck as independents. Without cold chain and logistics services, the access to the market is drastically reduced to the immediate community and surrounding traders, and extending shelf life is also a challenge with limited cold chain services, leading to lower prices for small-scale farmers. As central markets operate at the lowest price to retail, this often leaves the farmer with very little margin for profit, once the transaction has taken place. In order to facilitate smooth collaboration between partners, a shared vision is extremely important; this needs to be agreed upon by all participating stakeholders. Ideally a national body such as the South African Organic Sector Organisation (SAOSO) in partnership with many of the stakeholders mentioned in this chapter should develop a programme that supports smallholder farmers with training in best practice, an innovative extension service, integration of innovation and appropriate technology into the supply chain, access to local markets, endorsement and certification, peer-to-peer information exchange systems and a range of innovation in the value chain.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) The developing organic sector in Southern and Eastern Africa: what have we learned about sustainable development? Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) An overview of global organic and regenerative agriculture movements. Author(s): Leu, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 32) Organic research contributes to sector development and good organic policy: the Danish, Swiss, American and African case studies. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 42) The Organic Academy of IFOAM-Organics International: training multipliers in the developing world. Author(s): Hauptfleisch, K.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 51) Understanding a food systems approach. Author(s): Strassner, C. Kahl, J.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 60) BERAS - a global network of food systems with examples from Sweden, Haiti, Tanzania and India. Author(s): Hertwig, J.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 81) The likely impact of the 2015-2018 drought in South Africa: lessons from the 2008 food price crisis and future implications. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Piek, H. Battersby, J. Devereux, S. Olivier, N.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 100) The use of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) to support organic food systems in Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 113) Strengthening participation in the organic value chain for small-scale farmers in Southern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Author(s): Troosters, W. Auerbach, R. Haysom, G.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 130) Participatory Guarantee Systems as an organic market entry point for small-scale farmers in South Africa. Author(s): Mashele, N. J. Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 151) Supporting vulnerable communities in the Eastern Cape: assessing the rainfall evidence. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 176) Water efficiency, energy efficiency and suburban vegetable production. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Caude, A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 185) Experiential training of farmers and university diploma students in KwaZulu-Natal and the Southern Cape. Author(s): Auerbach, R.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 199) The National Organic Agriculture Movement of Uganda. Author(s): Nalunga, J. Auerbach, R. Ssekyewa, C.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 209) Factors contributing to adoption or disadoption of organic agriculture in Zambia. Author(s): Munthali, R. Auerbach, R. Mataa, M.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 217) The rapid incineration field test as an accurate, cost-effective and practical tool for estimating soil carbon in Africa. Author(s): Ackhurst, A. Auerbach, R. Louw, J.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 233) The Nelson Mandela long-term comparative organic farming systems research trials: baseline study and trial design. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J. Eckert, C.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 250) Comparative water use efficiency and water retention in the Mandela trials. Author(s): Eckert, C. Auerbach, R. Lorentz, S.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 264) Biological and chemical soil fumigation and pest and disease management comparisons in the Western Cape. Author(s): Niekerk, A. van Auerbach, R. Lamprecht, S.
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 284) Initial assessment of selected biological soil health indicators in organic versus conventional cropping systems in field trials in South Africa. Author(s): Sibiya, M. Habig, J. Storey, S. Labuschagne, N.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 303) Soil fertility changes and crop yields from the first 4 years of the Mandela trials. Author(s): Swanepoel, M. Auerbach, R. Mashele, N. J.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 327) Urban agriculture: challenges and opportunities in urban water management and planning. Author(s): Wesselow, M. Kifunda, C. Auerbach, R. Siebenhüner, B.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 337) A future strategy for organic development in Southern Africa. Author(s): Auerbach, R. Purkis, M.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781786399601
  • Record Number
  • 20193449011