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Book cover for Historical and sociopolitical drivers of Australian participation in orphanage tourism in Bali.

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 31)

Historical and sociopolitical drivers of Australian participation in orphanage tourism in Bali.

This chapter examines the relationship that Australian travellers have had with Bali, and unpacks the historical and sociopolitical drivers that encourage Australian tourists to support orphanage care models within Bali. This chapter is underpinned by research undertaken for an honours thesis, where a systematic literature review supported analysis of social structures that perpetuate institutional models of care and subsequently focused attention on issues of injustice occurring within Balinese orphanages. The research identified drivers of institutionalization common to many countries, including poverty and a dearth of formal education opportunities, alongside drivers specific to Bali that have not previously been highlighted in relation to orphanage tourism. The research also identified indicators of slavery and trafficking occurrence. Exploring structural factors that underpin the continued use of orphanage care models emphasizes the social justice perspective integral to social work and is an important first step in advocating for alternative care models.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 3) Orphanage tourism and the convention on the rights of the child. Author(s): Reid, H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 19) Orphanages as sites of modern slavery. Author(s): Doore, K. E. van
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 45) People, money and resources: the drivers of institutionalization. Author(s): Mathews, L.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 63) Promising practices - strengthening families and systems to prevent and reduce the institutional care of children. Author(s): Flanagan, K.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 85) What drives voluntourism? Internal impulses and external encouragement. Author(s): Biddle, P.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 98) How filmmaking can support advocacy: The Voluntourist and orphanage tourism. Author(s): Sanguinetti, C.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 110) Consuming poverty: volunteer tourism in an orphanage in Nepal. Author(s): Benali, A. Oris, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 125) A 'nice, knock-down argument' about orphanage tourism, modern slavery and the power and peril of naming. Author(s): Carpenter, K.

Chapter details

  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789240795
  • Record Number
  • 20193471644