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CABI Book Chapter

Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

Book cover for Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

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Chapter 1 (Page no: 1)

Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: information sources, organizations, types and approaches in biological control.

Biological control with arthropod natural enemies and microbial control agents has been applied since the year 1895 in Latin America and the Caribbean and is currently used on a very large scale. Sources about the history and current situation of biocontrol in this region were not easy to trace and are, therefore, presented in this chapter. Next, organizations working on biocontrol in this region are listed. This is followed by a description of natural, conservation, classical and augmentative biocontrol with some regional examples. Then, an approach to find, evaluate and use biocontrol agents is sketched, as guidance for research projects. Often, tens to a hundred biocontrol candidates are found in association with a pest. A well organized research approach using evaluation criteria allows for quick exclusion of unsuitable or problematic candidate species. Biocontrol research has limited funding and early elimination of poor candidates results in spending more money on promising candidates. Regulations concerning import and release of agents that have been implemented during the past 30 years are summarized. Effects of these regulations are that prospecting for exotic natural enemies is now very difficult and that fewer new biocontrol agents have become available. Finally, the structure of the book is explained.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Biological control in Argentina. Author(s): Greco, N. M. Walsh, G. C. Luna, M. G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 43) Biological control in Barbados. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) Biological control in Belize. Author(s): Sosa, E. E. Blanco, F. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Biological control in Bolivia. Author(s): Franco, J. P. Crespo, L. V. Colmenarez, Y. C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Biological control in Brazil. Author(s): Bueno, V. H. P. Parra, J. R. P. Bettiol, W. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 108) Biological control in Chile. Author(s): Barra-Bucarei, L. Moreno, L. D. Iglesias, A. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 124) Biological control in Colombia. Author(s): Kondo, T. Manzano, M. R. Cotes, A. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 162) Biological control in Costa Rica. Author(s): Blanco-Metzler, H. Morera-Montoya, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 176) Biological control in Cuba. Author(s): Márquez, M. E. Vázquez, L. L. Rodríguez, M. G. Ayala Sifontes, J. L. Fuentes, F. Ramos, M. Hidalgo, L. Herrera, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 194) Biological control in Dominica. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 199) Biological control in the Dominican Republic. Author(s): Serra, C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 220) Biological control in continental Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands. Author(s): Castillo, C. C. Gallegos, P. G. Causton, C. E.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 245) Biological control in El Salvador. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Biological control in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Vayssières, J. F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 261) Biological control in Guatemala. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 266) Biological control in Guyana. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 271) Biological control in Haiti. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Biological control in Honduras. Author(s): Trabanino, R. Pitty, A. Cave, R. D.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 290) Biological control in Jamaica. Author(s): Sherwood, M. A. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 308) Biological control in Mexico. Author(s): Arredondo-Bernal, H. C. Rodríguez-Vélez, B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 336) Biological control in Nicaragua. Author(s): Castillo, P.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 345) Biological control in Panama. Author(s): Zachrisson, B. Barba, A.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 354) Biological control in Paraguay. Author(s): Cabral Antúnez, C. C. Resquín Romero, G. Gómez López, V. A.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 369) Biological control in Peru. Author(s): Mujica, N. Whu, M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 390) Biological control in Puerto Rico. Author(s): Ramos, M. Ramos-Rodriguez, O. Gallardo-Covas, F.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 403) Biological control in the remaining Caribbean islands. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 426) Biological control in Suriname. Author(s): Sauers-Muller, A. van Jagroep, M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 437) Biological control in Trinidad and Tobago. Author(s): Khan, A. Isaac, W. A. P.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 447) Biological control in Uruguay. Author(s): Basso, C. Ribeiro, A. Cibils, X. Chiaravalle, W. Punschke, K.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 457) Biological control in Venezuela. Author(s): Vásquez, C. Ferrer, F. Colmenarez, Y. C. Morales Sanchez, J.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 473) The uptake of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Cock, M. J. W.