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CABI Book Chapter

Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

Book cover for Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 43)

Biological control in Barbados.

Early classical biocontrol successes in Barbados, some in combination with natural control, were the control of: sugarcane borers, sugarcane mealybugs and West Indian cane fly in sugarcane; cottony cushion scale and citrus blackfly in citrus; coconut whitefly in palm; fall armyworm in vegetables and field crops; diamondback moth in cruciferous crops; and green scale and whitefly on fruit and ornamental trees. Recent successes concern classical biocontrol, often in combination with natural control, of: the pink hibiscus mealybug in various crops and ornamentals; sago palm scale on cycads and ornamental palm; and the citrus leaf miner and the Asian citrus psyllid in citrus. Natural control included that of: papaya mealybug in papaya; chilli thrips in various crops; and red palm mite in coconut palm, ornamentals and bananas. Parasitoids were most often used, followed by predators, while microbial agents were rarely used. Barbados has regularly served as provider of natural enemies for other islands in the Caribbean. The island has faced at least 25 arthropod invasions of pests since 2000, stressing the need for biocontrol solutions.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: information sources, organizations, types and approaches in biological control. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P. Luna, M. G. Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Biological control in Argentina. Author(s): Greco, N. M. Walsh, G. C. Luna, M. G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) Biological control in Belize. Author(s): Sosa, E. E. Blanco, F. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Biological control in Bolivia. Author(s): Franco, J. P. Crespo, L. V. Colmenarez, Y. C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Biological control in Brazil. Author(s): Bueno, V. H. P. Parra, J. R. P. Bettiol, W. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 108) Biological control in Chile. Author(s): Barra-Bucarei, L. Moreno, L. D. Iglesias, A. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 124) Biological control in Colombia. Author(s): Kondo, T. Manzano, M. R. Cotes, A. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 162) Biological control in Costa Rica. Author(s): Blanco-Metzler, H. Morera-Montoya, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 176) Biological control in Cuba. Author(s): Márquez, M. E. Vázquez, L. L. Rodríguez, M. G. Ayala Sifontes, J. L. Fuentes, F. Ramos, M. Hidalgo, L. Herrera, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 194) Biological control in Dominica. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 199) Biological control in the Dominican Republic. Author(s): Serra, C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 220) Biological control in continental Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands. Author(s): Castillo, C. C. Gallegos, P. G. Causton, C. E.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 245) Biological control in El Salvador. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Biological control in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Vayssières, J. F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 261) Biological control in Guatemala. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 266) Biological control in Guyana. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 271) Biological control in Haiti. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Biological control in Honduras. Author(s): Trabanino, R. Pitty, A. Cave, R. D.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 290) Biological control in Jamaica. Author(s): Sherwood, M. A. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 308) Biological control in Mexico. Author(s): Arredondo-Bernal, H. C. Rodríguez-Vélez, B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 336) Biological control in Nicaragua. Author(s): Castillo, P.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 345) Biological control in Panama. Author(s): Zachrisson, B. Barba, A.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 354) Biological control in Paraguay. Author(s): Cabral Antúnez, C. C. Resquín Romero, G. Gómez López, V. A.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 369) Biological control in Peru. Author(s): Mujica, N. Whu, M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 390) Biological control in Puerto Rico. Author(s): Ramos, M. Ramos-Rodriguez, O. Gallardo-Covas, F.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 403) Biological control in the remaining Caribbean islands. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 426) Biological control in Suriname. Author(s): Sauers-Muller, A. van Jagroep, M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 437) Biological control in Trinidad and Tobago. Author(s): Khan, A. Isaac, W. A. P.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 447) Biological control in Uruguay. Author(s): Basso, C. Ribeiro, A. Cibils, X. Chiaravalle, W. Punschke, K.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 457) Biological control in Venezuela. Author(s): Vásquez, C. Ferrer, F. Colmenarez, Y. C. Morales Sanchez, J.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 473) The uptake of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Cock, M. J. W.