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CABI Book Chapter

Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

Book cover for Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

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Chapter 8 (Page no: 124)

Biological control in Colombia.

The history of biological control of agricultural pests in Colombia dates back to 1880. The first documented cases include both classical biocontrol and the use of biopesticides against insect pests. The need to protect four national production systems of great economic importance (oil palm, sugarcane, coffee and greenhouse flowers and vegetables crops) from arthropod pests by reducing insecticide use has stimulated the development of research centres that support, together with local universities, the research and implementation of augmentative biocontrol programmes. Conservation biocontrol is a recent activity in Colombia. Although there are more than 52 officially registered companies in the country that produce microbial control agents (entomopathogenic fungi, bacteria, nematodes, baculoviruses and antagonistic microorganisms, including fungi and bacteria), predators and parasitoids, it is necessary to implement more rigorous quality control programmes in the production phase. Additionally, there is only a small amount of officially registered biocontrol agents, which is a limiting factor in their commercialization. Despite the quantity and diversity of agents released in Colombia, there are only partial records of the area under biocontrol, which is estimated at approximately 550,000 ha. It is necessary to implement post-release monitoring studies to determine the effectiveness of the biocontrol agent used. As an obstacle in Colombia and several other countries, the application of the principles of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is highlighted, which has made it very difficult or impossible to collect and export natural enemies which are essential for biocontrol programmes.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: information sources, organizations, types and approaches in biological control. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P. Luna, M. G. Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Biological control in Argentina. Author(s): Greco, N. M. Walsh, G. C. Luna, M. G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 43) Biological control in Barbados. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) Biological control in Belize. Author(s): Sosa, E. E. Blanco, F. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Biological control in Bolivia. Author(s): Franco, J. P. Crespo, L. V. Colmenarez, Y. C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Biological control in Brazil. Author(s): Bueno, V. H. P. Parra, J. R. P. Bettiol, W. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 108) Biological control in Chile. Author(s): Barra-Bucarei, L. Moreno, L. D. Iglesias, A. F.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 162) Biological control in Costa Rica. Author(s): Blanco-Metzler, H. Morera-Montoya, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 176) Biological control in Cuba. Author(s): Márquez, M. E. Vázquez, L. L. Rodríguez, M. G. Ayala Sifontes, J. L. Fuentes, F. Ramos, M. Hidalgo, L. Herrera, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 194) Biological control in Dominica. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 199) Biological control in the Dominican Republic. Author(s): Serra, C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 220) Biological control in continental Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands. Author(s): Castillo, C. C. Gallegos, P. G. Causton, C. E.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 245) Biological control in El Salvador. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Biological control in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Vayssières, J. F.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 261) Biological control in Guatemala. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 266) Biological control in Guyana. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 271) Biological control in Haiti. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Biological control in Honduras. Author(s): Trabanino, R. Pitty, A. Cave, R. D.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 290) Biological control in Jamaica. Author(s): Sherwood, M. A. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 308) Biological control in Mexico. Author(s): Arredondo-Bernal, H. C. Rodríguez-Vélez, B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 336) Biological control in Nicaragua. Author(s): Castillo, P.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 345) Biological control in Panama. Author(s): Zachrisson, B. Barba, A.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 354) Biological control in Paraguay. Author(s): Cabral Antúnez, C. C. Resquín Romero, G. Gómez López, V. A.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 369) Biological control in Peru. Author(s): Mujica, N. Whu, M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 390) Biological control in Puerto Rico. Author(s): Ramos, M. Ramos-Rodriguez, O. Gallardo-Covas, F.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 403) Biological control in the remaining Caribbean islands. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 426) Biological control in Suriname. Author(s): Sauers-Muller, A. van Jagroep, M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 437) Biological control in Trinidad and Tobago. Author(s): Khan, A. Isaac, W. A. P.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 447) Biological control in Uruguay. Author(s): Basso, C. Ribeiro, A. Cibils, X. Chiaravalle, W. Punschke, K.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 457) Biological control in Venezuela. Author(s): Vásquez, C. Ferrer, F. Colmenarez, Y. C. Morales Sanchez, J.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 473) The uptake of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Cock, M. J. W.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (Agrosavia), Centro de Investigación Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789242430
  • Record Number
  • 20193504434