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CABI Book Chapter

Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

Book cover for Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: its rich history and bright future.

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Chapter 16 (Page no: 261)

Biological control in Guatemala.

Biological control was initiated in Guatemala in the 1990s, after costs for chemicals had increased substantially and had resulted in a drastic decrease in production of, for example, cotton and tomato. Most often, augmentative biocontrol is used in Guatemala. Examples of successful programmes are control of: (i) lepidopterans in cotton and vegetables by microbial agents and egg parasitoids; (ii) cotton leafworm by egg parasitoids and a predator in cotton; (iii) coffee berry borer with a parasitoid and a microbial agent; (iv) sugarcane borer with a parasitoid and a microbial agent; (v) diamondback moth with parasitoids in cruciferous crops; and (vi) white grub in maize with an entomopathogenic nematode. In 1998, populations of Anopheles mosquitoes, which are vectors of malaria, were successfully reduced by killing their larvae with microbial agents, resulting in a 50% lower malaria prevalence. A recently started project concerns classical biocontrol of the Asian citrus psyllid with a parasitoid. Biocontrol is expected to grow because of, inter alia, demands for residue-free food by countries to which Guatemala exports.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean: information sources, organizations, types and approaches in biological control. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P. Luna, M. G. Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 21) Biological control in Argentina. Author(s): Greco, N. M. Walsh, G. C. Luna, M. G.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 43) Biological control in Barbados. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Colmenarez, Y. C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 58) Biological control in Belize. Author(s): Sosa, E. E. Blanco, F. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 64) Biological control in Bolivia. Author(s): Franco, J. P. Crespo, L. V. Colmenarez, Y. C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 78) Biological control in Brazil. Author(s): Bueno, V. H. P. Parra, J. R. P. Bettiol, W. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 108) Biological control in Chile. Author(s): Barra-Bucarei, L. Moreno, L. D. Iglesias, A. F.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 124) Biological control in Colombia. Author(s): Kondo, T. Manzano, M. R. Cotes, A. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 162) Biological control in Costa Rica. Author(s): Blanco-Metzler, H. Morera-Montoya, R.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 176) Biological control in Cuba. Author(s): Márquez, M. E. Vázquez, L. L. Rodríguez, M. G. Ayala Sifontes, J. L. Fuentes, F. Ramos, M. Hidalgo, L. Herrera, L.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 194) Biological control in Dominica. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 199) Biological control in the Dominican Republic. Author(s): Serra, C. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 220) Biological control in continental Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands. Author(s): Castillo, C. C. Gallegos, P. G. Causton, C. E.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 245) Biological control in El Salvador. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 251) Biological control in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Vayssières, J. F.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 266) Biological control in Guyana. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 271) Biological control in Haiti. Author(s): Ryckewaert, P. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 275) Biological control in Honduras. Author(s): Trabanino, R. Pitty, A. Cave, R. D.
Chapter: 20 (Page no: 290) Biological control in Jamaica. Author(s): Sherwood, M. A. Lenteren, J. C. van
Chapter: 21 (Page no: 308) Biological control in Mexico. Author(s): Arredondo-Bernal, H. C. Rodríguez-Vélez, B.
Chapter: 22 (Page no: 336) Biological control in Nicaragua. Author(s): Castillo, P.
Chapter: 23 (Page no: 345) Biological control in Panama. Author(s): Zachrisson, B. Barba, A.
Chapter: 24 (Page no: 354) Biological control in Paraguay. Author(s): Cabral Antúnez, C. C. Resquín Romero, G. Gómez López, V. A.
Chapter: 25 (Page no: 369) Biological control in Peru. Author(s): Mujica, N. Whu, M.
Chapter: 26 (Page no: 390) Biological control in Puerto Rico. Author(s): Ramos, M. Ramos-Rodriguez, O. Gallardo-Covas, F.
Chapter: 27 (Page no: 403) Biological control in the remaining Caribbean islands. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Bueno, V. H. P.
Chapter: 28 (Page no: 426) Biological control in Suriname. Author(s): Sauers-Muller, A. van Jagroep, M.
Chapter: 29 (Page no: 437) Biological control in Trinidad and Tobago. Author(s): Khan, A. Isaac, W. A. P.
Chapter: 30 (Page no: 447) Biological control in Uruguay. Author(s): Basso, C. Ribeiro, A. Cibils, X. Chiaravalle, W. Punschke, K.
Chapter: 31 (Page no: 457) Biological control in Venezuela. Author(s): Vásquez, C. Ferrer, F. Colmenarez, Y. C. Morales Sanchez, J.
Chapter: 32 (Page no: 473) The uptake of biological control in Latin America and the Caribbean. Author(s): Lenteren, J. C. van Cock, M. J. W.