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CABI Book Chapter

Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Book cover for Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Description

This book presents the current state of research at the University of Dar es Salaam linking climate change and ecosystems' integrity in the tropics with particular focus on Tanzania. The focus of the book is on the implications of climate change on various aspects of economic endeavour - from agropastoralism, wetland management to weather forecasting. The analyses concentrate on the potential impa...

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Chapter 3 (Page no: 23)

Cassava as an adaptation crop to climate variability and change in coastal areas of Tanzania: a case of the Mkuranga district.

This study was carried out in two villages, Kizapala and Kazole, of the Mkuranga District, in the Coast Region of Tanzania. The objective of the study was to establish the role of cassava as an adaptation crop to the changing climate and household food security. Primary data were obtained using household questionnaires and different participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques which included focus group discussions (FGDs), key informants and expert meetings. Secondary data were collected through a literature review, whereas temperature and rainfall data from 1984 to 2014 was obtained from the Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA). In each village, a sample size of 10% of all households was interviewed. Findings showed that 96% of respondents from Kazole village and 90% from Kizapala linked climate change with major climatic extreme events such as prolonged droughts and occasional abnormal floods. Analysis of temperature data for the last 30 years (1984-2014) revealed that temperature had significantly risen by a correlation coefficient of R2 = 0.4936 for maximum and R2 = 0.777 for minimum temperature. The field survey results closely correlated with findings from the analysis of TMA rainfall and temperature data. Findings revealed a decline in crop production which resulted in food shortages and livelihood insecurity in the study villages. The respondents in both villages consider cassava as a crop that is least affected by climate and environmental extremes, thus serves to ensure food availability and security in their households. As a result, growing cassava should be considered as an adaptation strategy to climate change and variability now and in the future. Improving cassava production, processing, marketing and value chain infrastructures is, therefore, crucial for enhancing sustainable adaptation in the district.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Mung'ong'o, C. G. Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) Living and responding to climate variability and change among coffee and banana farmers in the highlands of Moshi rural district, Tanzania. Author(s): Temba, P. L. Pauline, N. M. Ndaki, P. M.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) Agroecosystems' resilience and social-ecological vulnerability index to climate change in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Author(s): Shirima, K. C. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 44) Effects of conservation agriculture on farmers' livelihoods in the face of climate change in Balaka district, Malawi. Author(s): Zimba, J. M. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 59) A comparative cost-benefit analysis of mobile and sedentary pastoral production systems in selected villages in Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Yamat, L. E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 101) Locally based responses to impacts of climate change in pastoral landscapes of Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Mabhuye, E. B. Yanda, P. Z.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 122) Assessment of socio-ecological resilience of agropastoralists to climate change and variability impacts in Bariadi district, Tanzania. Author(s): Cyrilo, E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Natural resource use conflicts in a changing climate: The case of the wetlands of Kilombero and Kilosa districts in Tanzania. Author(s): Liwenga, E. T. Silangwa, F.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 169) The role of ecosystem services in enhancing climate change resilience of local communities: the case of Ngarambe-Tapika Wildlife Management Area, Rufiji district, Tanzania. Author(s): Katondo, R. J. M. Nyomora, A. M. S.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 180) Effectiveness of existing climate smart agricultural practices in Tehuledere district, north-eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Wassie, A. S. Pauline, N. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 194) Community livelihoods and ecosystem integrity in makere forest reserve, western Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B. Mwajombe, A. R. Johnson, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 217) Weather forecasting and communication in the upper Great Ruaha catchment area. Author(s): Mwajombe, A. R. Lema, G. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 237) Lessons learnt and the way forward for research on climate change in Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mung'ong'o, C. G. Mabhuye, E. B.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789242966
  • Record Number
  • 20203233660