Cookies on CAB eBooks

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

 

Continuing to use www.cabi.org  means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Book cover for Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Description

This book presents the current state of research at the University of Dar es Salaam linking climate change and ecosystems' integrity in the tropics with particular focus on Tanzania. The focus of the book is on the implications of climate change on various aspects of economic endeavour - from agropastoralism, wetland management to weather forecasting. The analyses concentrate on the potential impa...

Metrics

Chapter 4 (Page no: 34)

Agroecosystems' resilience and social-ecological vulnerability index to climate change in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

The concept of resilience has gained momentum during the current climate change era. Resilience is said to be the measure of the amount of change the system can undergo while still retaining the same controls on function and structure. Taking into account the effects of changing climate, the term resilience has been used to assess the vulnerability of social-ecological systems. Most agroecosystem studies have focused on dryland ecosystems and this prompted the need to shift concern on to mountainous ecosystems whose susceptibility to climate change is not adequately addressed. This chapter assesses the resilience of maize-coffee-banana agroecosystems on the southern slope of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Also, it assesses agronomic practices and the social-economic status of farmers and computes a social-ecological vulnerability index for the ecosystem. The study depicts variation of agronomic practices with altitude due to microclimatic differences, terrain and soil characteristics that determine the type of crops and their farming system which have both positive and negative implications. Climatic shocks (e.g. drought frequency, floods and below average rains) were found to have an impact on agricultural yield. Social-economic indicators (e.g. the number of household dependants, social safety nets, off-farm contribution, possession of land title, usage of wood for cooking energy and access to extension services) have also shown a significant influence on household vulnerability to changing climate which may later affect the agroecosystem productivity as these parameters are associated with the natural environment. Indicators chosen for the vulnerability index depict slight variations of vulnerability altitude wise, except for the mid-lower zone which appears to be more vulnerable.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Mung'ong'o, C. G. Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) Living and responding to climate variability and change among coffee and banana farmers in the highlands of Moshi rural district, Tanzania. Author(s): Temba, P. L. Pauline, N. M. Ndaki, P. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 23) Cassava as an adaptation crop to climate variability and change in coastal areas of Tanzania: a case of the Mkuranga district. Author(s): Mbwambo, N. A. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 44) Effects of conservation agriculture on farmers' livelihoods in the face of climate change in Balaka district, Malawi. Author(s): Zimba, J. M. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 59) A comparative cost-benefit analysis of mobile and sedentary pastoral production systems in selected villages in Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Yamat, L. E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 101) Locally based responses to impacts of climate change in pastoral landscapes of Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Mabhuye, E. B. Yanda, P. Z.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 122) Assessment of socio-ecological resilience of agropastoralists to climate change and variability impacts in Bariadi district, Tanzania. Author(s): Cyrilo, E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Natural resource use conflicts in a changing climate: The case of the wetlands of Kilombero and Kilosa districts in Tanzania. Author(s): Liwenga, E. T. Silangwa, F.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 169) The role of ecosystem services in enhancing climate change resilience of local communities: the case of Ngarambe-Tapika Wildlife Management Area, Rufiji district, Tanzania. Author(s): Katondo, R. J. M. Nyomora, A. M. S.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 180) Effectiveness of existing climate smart agricultural practices in Tehuledere district, north-eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Wassie, A. S. Pauline, N. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 194) Community livelihoods and ecosystem integrity in makere forest reserve, western Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B. Mwajombe, A. R. Johnson, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 217) Weather forecasting and communication in the upper Great Ruaha catchment area. Author(s): Mwajombe, A. R. Lema, G. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 237) Lessons learnt and the way forward for research on climate change in Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mung'ong'o, C. G. Mabhuye, E. B.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789242966
  • Record Number
  • 20203233661