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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Book cover for Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.


This book presents the current state of research at the University of Dar es Salaam linking climate change and ecosystems' integrity in the tropics with particular focus on Tanzania. The focus of the book is on the implications of climate change on various aspects of economic endeavour - from agropastoralism, wetland management to weather forecasting. The analyses concentrate on the potential impa...


Chapter 6 (Page no: 59)

A comparative cost-benefit analysis of mobile and sedentary pastoral production systems in selected villages in Northern Tanzania.

Despite a growing body of evidence that highlights the economic, social and environmental benefits of mobile pastoralism, few governments are ready to tolerate mobility and many policy makers promote knowingly or inadvertently the policies of sedentarization. This production system seems not to be clearly understood by many and has been characterized as backward, environmentally destructive and economically unsustainable; and the view is that it should be replaced with more sedentary forms of livestock production or other beneficial land uses. The overriding question is whether sedentary livestock keeping is more productive and utilizes fewer resources and less space than the mobile pastoral system. This study carried out a comparative cost-benefit analysis of the two production systems in selected villages of Kiteto and Karatu districts. The aim was to come up with credible data to test this hypothesis. Two alternatives were compared in terms of their net present value (NPV) to test a null hypothesis. The alternative with an NPV greater than zero or higher than its alternative was accepted to be more viable compared with the one with an NPV less than zero or less than its alternative. Whenever the NPV of the sedentary production system in the analysis was shown to be greater than zero and/or greater than the NPV of the mobile pastoral production system the null hypothesis was accepted and vice versa. The study was conducted in Makame village of Kiteto District and Dofa village of Karatu District. Makame village represents a mobile pastoral production system while Dofa village represents a sedentary production system. The study employed a quantitative approach using a household survey in the two villages. The comparative cost-benefit analysis was carried out using monetary values derived from the livestock unit statistical approach. The findings have revealed that the average cost of maintaining a mobile pastoral and sedentary production systems are TSh90,096,333 and TSh112,295,200, respectively. The cost-benefit ratios are 1:0.5 for a mobile pastoral production system and 1:0.25 for the sedentary one.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Mung'ong'o, C. G. Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) Living and responding to climate variability and change among coffee and banana farmers in the highlands of Moshi rural district, Tanzania. Author(s): Temba, P. L. Pauline, N. M. Ndaki, P. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 23) Cassava as an adaptation crop to climate variability and change in coastal areas of Tanzania: a case of the Mkuranga district. Author(s): Mbwambo, N. A. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) Agroecosystems' resilience and social-ecological vulnerability index to climate change in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Author(s): Shirima, K. C. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 44) Effects of conservation agriculture on farmers' livelihoods in the face of climate change in Balaka district, Malawi. Author(s): Zimba, J. M. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 101) Locally based responses to impacts of climate change in pastoral landscapes of Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Mabhuye, E. B. Yanda, P. Z.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 122) Assessment of socio-ecological resilience of agropastoralists to climate change and variability impacts in Bariadi district, Tanzania. Author(s): Cyrilo, E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Natural resource use conflicts in a changing climate: The case of the wetlands of Kilombero and Kilosa districts in Tanzania. Author(s): Liwenga, E. T. Silangwa, F.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 169) The role of ecosystem services in enhancing climate change resilience of local communities: the case of Ngarambe-Tapika Wildlife Management Area, Rufiji district, Tanzania. Author(s): Katondo, R. J. M. Nyomora, A. M. S.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 180) Effectiveness of existing climate smart agricultural practices in Tehuledere district, north-eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Wassie, A. S. Pauline, N. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 194) Community livelihoods and ecosystem integrity in makere forest reserve, western Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B. Mwajombe, A. R. Johnson, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 217) Weather forecasting and communication in the upper Great Ruaha catchment area. Author(s): Mwajombe, A. R. Lema, G. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 237) Lessons learnt and the way forward for research on climate change in Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mung'ong'o, C. G. Mabhuye, E. B.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789242966
  • Record Number
  • 20203233663