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CABI Book Chapter

Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Book cover for Climate change impacts and sustainability: ecosystems of Tanzania.

Description

This book presents the current state of research at the University of Dar es Salaam linking climate change and ecosystems' integrity in the tropics with particular focus on Tanzania. The focus of the book is on the implications of climate change on various aspects of economic endeavour - from agropastoralism, wetland management to weather forecasting. The analyses concentrate on the potential impa...

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Chapter 10 (Page no: 169)

The role of ecosystem services in enhancing climate change resilience of local communities: the case of Ngarambe-Tapika Wildlife Management Area, Rufiji district, Tanzania.

This study examined the role of ecosystem services in enhancing climate change resilience of local communities in Ngarambe-Tapika Wildlife Management Area (WMA). The study aimed to identify forms of ecosystem services that can be gained from conservation of a WMA in relation to climate change adaptation. The design for this study adopted both a quantitative and a qualitative research approach. The study was undertaken in Ngarambe-Tapika WMA located between latitude 39° S and 39°30' S and between longitude 12°30' E and 13° E. It is located alongside the north-eastern border of the Selous Game Reserve. The area is also the home of local people whose lifestyles and livelihoods are intricately tied to the biological diversity and the functioning of this natural system. Purposive sampling was employed in selecting respondents for the household questionnaire, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. This study found that income obtained from Ngarambe-Tapika ecosystems by the communities were invested in material welfare and livelihoods that enhance resilience to climate change, primarily social services (54.9%) such as construction of houses, dispensaries and rehabilitation of the primary schools, and some of the money was spent on electricity provision for the community and energy for light and water pumps. Other benefits included employment (16.5%), protection from dangerous and problematic wildlife (14.3%) and petty business (14.3%). Generally, in Ngarambe-Tapika WMA there is a need to emphasize conservation awareness and extension programmes which advocate sustainable utilization of wildlife resources, and adopt an integrated approach of climate-smart agriculture to address the challenges related to food insecurity and climate change and variability. The latter would enable increased agricultural productivity to support equitable increases in farm incomes, improve food security and build resilience of agricultural and food security systems to adapt to climate change and variability.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Introduction. Author(s): Mung'ong'o, C. G. Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 9) Living and responding to climate variability and change among coffee and banana farmers in the highlands of Moshi rural district, Tanzania. Author(s): Temba, P. L. Pauline, N. M. Ndaki, P. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 23) Cassava as an adaptation crop to climate variability and change in coastal areas of Tanzania: a case of the Mkuranga district. Author(s): Mbwambo, N. A. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 34) Agroecosystems' resilience and social-ecological vulnerability index to climate change in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Author(s): Shirima, K. C. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 44) Effects of conservation agriculture on farmers' livelihoods in the face of climate change in Balaka district, Malawi. Author(s): Zimba, J. M. Liwenga, E. T.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 59) A comparative cost-benefit analysis of mobile and sedentary pastoral production systems in selected villages in Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Yamat, L. E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 101) Locally based responses to impacts of climate change in pastoral landscapes of Northern Tanzania. Author(s): Mabhuye, E. B. Yanda, P. Z.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 122) Assessment of socio-ecological resilience of agropastoralists to climate change and variability impacts in Bariadi district, Tanzania. Author(s): Cyrilo, E. Mung'ong'o, C. G.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 153) Natural resource use conflicts in a changing climate: The case of the wetlands of Kilombero and Kilosa districts in Tanzania. Author(s): Liwenga, E. T. Silangwa, F.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 180) Effectiveness of existing climate smart agricultural practices in Tehuledere district, north-eastern Ethiopia. Author(s): Wassie, A. S. Pauline, N. M.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 194) Community livelihoods and ecosystem integrity in makere forest reserve, western Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mabhuye, E. B. Mwajombe, A. R. Johnson, N.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 217) Weather forecasting and communication in the upper Great Ruaha catchment area. Author(s): Mwajombe, A. R. Lema, G. A.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 237) Lessons learnt and the way forward for research on climate change in Tanzania. Author(s): Yanda, P. Z. Mung'ong'o, C. G. Mabhuye, E. B.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789242966
  • Record Number
  • 20203233667