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CABI Book Chapter

Asian citrus psyllid: biology, ecology and management of the huanglongbing vector.

Book cover for Asian citrus psyllid: biology, ecology and management of the huanglongbing vector.

Description

Asian citrus psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri, is an insect pest which transmits a bacterium, Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas), primarily through feeding in newly emergent foliage of citrus trees. This pathogen causes a disease known as Huanglongbing (HLB), or citrus greening, which has become the most debilitating and intractable disease in citrus crops. This book gathers together everythi...

Metrics

Chapter 11 (Page no: 166)

Management objectives and integration of strategies for the Asian citrus psyllid.

Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) poses a major threat to citrus everywhere and is the prime focus of citrus pest management wherever it is present. The objective of psyllid management is to slow the establishment of the psyllid and disease by regulatory actions and also by regional 'eradication' efforts in response to local detection of ACP or huanglongbing (HLB). ACP suppression is not an end in itself but merely one component of an HLB management system. Traditional methods of vector control, in particular those based on insecticides, are clearly stopgap measures needed to hold off the worst consequences of HLB until other management options are in place. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that new developments will ever completely obviate the need for ACP suppression, although biological and cultural controls could to some degree reduce the present dependence on insecticides. Other novel methods of ACP suppression, such as suppression using RNAi or genetic modification to reduce vector capacity of Diaphorina citri, may also become functional in the future. Meanwhile, insecticides will likely continue to play an important role in integrated strategies both to slow the spread of HLB and to reduce the impact of the disease on infected trees.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Asian citrus psyllid life cycle and developmental biology. Author(s): Hall, D. G.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 12) Functional anatomy of the Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Cicero, J. M.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 30) Mating behavior of the Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Mankin, R. W. Rohde, B.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 43) Visually and chemically guided behavior of the Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Allan, S. A.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 67) Hosts of the Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Beattie, G. A. C.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 88) Abiotic and biotic regulators of the Asian citrus psyllid populations. Author(s): Qureshi, J. A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 101) Symbionts and pathogens of the Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Pelz-Stelinski, K. S.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 113) Huanglongbing pathogens: acquisition, transmission and vector interactions. Author(s): El-Desouky, A. Shatters, R. G., Jr. Heck, M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 140) Epidemiology of huanglongbing: implications of infective colonization events. Author(s): Halbert, S. Singer, B.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 156) Sampling and economic thresholds for Asian citrus psyllid. Author(s): Monzo, C. Stansly, P. A.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 179) Management of the Asian citrus psyllid in Asia. Author(s): Beattie, G. A. C.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 210) Asian citrus psyllid management in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Author(s): Miranda, M. P. Ayres, A. J.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 222) Integrated management of Asian citrus psyllid and huanglongbing in Florida: past, present and future. Author(s): Stansly, P. A. Qureshi, J. A.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 234) Area-wide management of Asian citrus psyllid in Texas. Author(s): S├ętamou, M.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 250) Management of Asian citrus psyllid in California. Author(s): Grafton-Cardwell, E. E.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 258) Advances in RNA suppression of the Asian citrus psyllid vector and bacteria (huanglongbing pathosystem). Author(s): Hunter, W. B. Clarke, S. K. V. Mojica, A. F. S. Paris, T. M. Miles, G. Metz, J. L. Holland, C. S. McCollum, G. Qureshi, J. A. Tomich, J. M. Boyle, M. J. Cano, L. Altman, S. Pelz-Stelinski, K. S.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee, Florida, USA.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781786394088
  • Record Number
  • 20203251605