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CABI Book Chapter

The economics of farm animal welfare: theory, evidence and policy.

Book cover for The economics of farm animal welfare: theory, evidence and policy.

Description

This book contains 9 chapters that discuss some of the latest developments in economic research that are relevant to animal welfare and related policy development, including the evolution of animal welfare as a branch of animal science; animal welfare from an economic theory perspective; consumer demand and related quantitative methods such as willingness to pay; economics of production; supply si...

Metrics

Chapter 5 (Page no: 98)

Animal welfare and farm economics: an analysis of costs and benefits.

Livestock farming uses resources such as land, labour, capital and animals to produce goods and services with a use value to people. Simultaneously, it also produces goods and services that have non-use values to humans. Profit maximization is a fundamental goal in farm-level economic analysis of animal welfare. For a farmer to have an incentive to adopt an animal-friendly farming practice, it is essential that additional costs and loss of revenues, if any, are smaller than possible savings in the costs plus additional revenues obtained through animal welfare improvement. This chapter reviews the principal relationships between animal welfare and costs, benefits and profit associated with farming. It also discusses the implications that animal welfare improvements can have for farm productivity, efficiency and profits, and the externalities that welfare improvements can lead to. Different cases leading to animal welfare improvements are examined. These include: (i) the case where animal welfare improvements are motivated by changes in farm productivity, for instance due to reduced disease incidence; and (ii) the event that an animal welfare improvement is motivated by additional price premiums obtainable from the market.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Farm animal welfare: origins, and interplay with economics and policy. Author(s): Lawrence, A. Vigors, B.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 30) Farm animal welfare: do free markets fail to provide it? Author(s): Hubbard, C. Clark, B. Harvey, D.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 53) Consumer demand for animal welfare products. Author(s): Akaichi, F. Revoredo-Giha, C.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 75) People's preferences in relation to animal welfare. Author(s): Bennett, R.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 117) Poultry breeding for sustainability and welfare. Author(s): Neeteson, A. M. AvendaƱo, S. Koerhuis, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 147) EU regulations and the current position of animal welfare. Author(s): Broom, D. M.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 156) Animal welfare measures and the WTO Post-EC - seal products case: a renewed debate and research agenda. Author(s): MacIel, C. Bock, B.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 173) Farm animal welfare: the future. Author(s): Stott, A. Ahmadi, B. V.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Helsinki, Finland.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781786392312
  • Record Number
  • 20203308011