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Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

CABI Book Chapter

Religious tourism and the environment.

Book cover for Religious tourism and the environment.


The purpose of this book is to examine the interrelationships between religion, tourism, and the environment. The 12 chapters included in this volume elaborate on some of the core aspects of a proposed theoretical model of the ecosystem of religious tourism that views 'the environment' of pilgrimage as a dynamic process shaped by the activities, forms of control, perceptions, and representations o...


Chapter 6 (Page no: 83)

Religious tourism and environmental conservation in Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, World Heritage Site, Nepal.

Lumbini is an important pilgrimage site and a tourist attraction in Nepal. This chapter discusses how the Lumbini Master Plan (LMP) integrated the surrounding environment in the site development and the challenges that site managers have faced in implementing this vision and balancing its social, economic, and environmental impacts. With the LMP implementation in its final stages in 2019, the chapter begins by reflecting on the design and its use of the natural environment and landscaping components in its conception of the pilgrim experience. The second section critically reviews the implementation of the plan in comparison with this original design and considers its impact on local dynamics, particularly that of the Project Area and its surrounding communities. In the rapidly changing context of increasing visitor numbers and accelerated development within the Greater Lumbini Area, driven notably by international and national investments in regional infrastructure, this chapter concludes by discussing the current and future challenges linked to the management of Lumbini beyond the completion of the LMP and the sustainable future of its wider region.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) The environmental impacts of religious tourism. Author(s): Shinde, K. A. Ols, D. H.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 23) Pilgrimage, religious tourism, biodiversity, and natural sacred sites. Author(s): Olsen, D. H.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 42) Managing the environment in religious tourism destinations: a conceptual model. Author(s): Shinde, K. A.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 60) Human sanctuaries can be created everywhere: pilgrimage, tourism, and conservation in Vrindavan, India. Author(s): Nash, J.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 70) The Beyul: Sherpa perspectives on landscapes characteristics and tourism development in Khumbu (Everest), Nepal. Author(s): Nepal, S. K. Mu Yang La PoHsin
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 95) Interreligious dialogue: trees, stones, water, and interfaith ritual experiences in Lebanon. Author(s): Farra-Haddad, N.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 105) Mimicking mountains: Antoni Gaudí's Sagrada Família and the mountain of Montserrat. Author(s): Garcia-Fuentes, J. M.
Chapter: 9 (Page no: 116) Disease- and health-related issues at mass religious gatherings. Author(s): Olsen, D. H.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 133) The natural environment and waste management at the Hajj. Author(s): Qurashi, J.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 144) The effects of natural disasters on religious tourism sites: earthquakes in the spiritual heart of Italy. Author(s): Giovine, M. di Ascione, E.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 162) Religion, the environment, and sacred places: lessons learned and future directions. Author(s): Olsen, D. H. Shinde, K. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department of Archaeology, Durham University, Durham, UK.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2020
  • ISBN
  • 9781789241600
  • Record Number
  • 20203439938