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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid export in plants.

Amino acids are the main form of nitrogen transported in the plant body, and the transport of amino acids across cellular and sub-cellular membranes is considered essential for nitrogen economy in plants. In particular, the long-distance transport of amino acids through the phloem and xylem, and...

Author(s)
Price, M. B.; Okumoto, S.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Uptake, transport and redistribution of amino nitrogen in woody plants.

Nitrogen (N) is the main limiting macronutrient for plant growth and N deficits lead to severe negative effects in plant metabolism and development. Hence, knowledge about the complex dynamics of plant N nutrition is essential to comprehend plant functioning in natural and managed ecosystems. The...

Author(s)
Pfautsch, S.; Bell, T. L.; Gessler, A.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Melatonin: synthesis from tryptophan and its role in higher plant.

Melatonin, a well-known neurohormone, was discovered in animal tissues in 1958. In plants, its presence was detected in 1995, and its biosynthesis, from tryptophan, seems to follow similar enzymatic steps in plant and animal cells, although with some very particular characteristics. Even though our ...

Author(s)
Arnao, M. B.; Hernández-Ruiz, J.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glucosinolate biosynthesis from amino acids.

Glucosinolates are natural plant products that are derived from aliphatic and aromatic amino acids by certain plants. Glucosinolates may be metabolized to a variety of potentially toxic products via myrosinase-catalysed hydrolysis. The enzyme and substrates are sequestered in different cell...

Author(s)
Stotz, H. U.; Brown, P. D.; Tokuhisa, J.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Natural toxins that affect plant amino acid metabolism.

A diverse range of natural compounds interfere with the synthesis and other aspects of amino acid metabolism. Some are amino acid analogues, but most are not. This review covers a number of specific natural phytotoxic compounds by molecular target site. The inhibition of glutamine synthetase is of...

Author(s)
Duke, S. O.; Dayan, F. E.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glyphosate: the fate and toxicology of a herbicidal amino acid derivative.

Glyphosate was first registered in the USA in 1974 for non-crop and industrial use as a herbicide. With the advent of glyphosate-tolerant crops and the adoption of minimum and no-till practices, it has become one the world's foremost herbicides. Glyphosate inhibits a key step in the shikimate acid...

Author(s)
Saltmiras, D. A.; Farmer, D. R.; Mehrsheikh, A.; Bleeke, M. S.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid analysis of plant products.

Amino acid analysis has been used as a tool in protein chemistry laboratories, where obtaining information about the amino acid composition of a protein is an important step in the characterization of protein structure. Within scientific disciplines such as food and nutrition, amino acid analysis...

Author(s)
Rutherfurd, S. M.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Metabolic amino acid availability in foods of plant origin: implications for human and livestock nutrition.

The bioavailability of amino acids is the proportion of ingested amino acids that are digested and absorbed in a form suitable for protein synthesis. However, it cannot be measured directly, so various methods have been developed to estimate the bioavailability of amino acids and protein in food of ...

Author(s)
Levesque, C. L.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Adverse effects.

The adverse effects of amino acids in human nutrition and health have been reviewed in the context of the classical categories of imbalance, antagonism, and toxicity, first established in studies with animal models. This system has long existed as a conceptual framework primarily confined within...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Emergence of a new momentum.

It is appropriate and instructive to review the evidence presented in the preceding chapters of Amino Acids in Human Nutrition and Health. The purpose here is to integrate the individual sets of conclusions in a manner that emphasizes not only the underlying complexities of interdependence in amino ...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter

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