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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lead poisoning.

The reduction of childhood lead exposure in the USA is a public health success story, but lead is still one of the most widely encountered toxic metals in the world. To date, no safe blood lead threshold has been identified. The properties and availability of lead, a naturally occurring blue-grey...

Author(s)
Katner, A. L.; Mielke, H. W.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Cadmium I. Exposure and human health effects: an overview.

Cadmium is a metal that has been extensively used for a wide variety of industrial applications in the past, but more recently the growing awareness of the adverse health effects has led to restrictions and ban of use in several applications. Cadmium is emitted into the environment via both natural ...

Author(s)
Åkesson, A.; Kippler, M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Cadmium II. Cardiovascular effects of human exposure to cadmium: left ventricular structure and function.

Since the 1970s, the effect of cadmium perfusion on peak systolic contractility and cardiac atrioventricular conduction has been observed in rats and a growing body of evidence shows that cadmium exposure is associated with cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, in humans. However, few...

Author(s)
Yang, W. Y.; Staessen, J. A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Particulates from combustion sources: formation, characteristics and toxic hazards.

Particulates from combustion sources are a major component of outdoor and indoor air pollutants. During fires, they contribute to acute injury and deaths from smoke exposure; and through chronic daily exposure in homes, workplaces and the outdoor environment they are a major cause of long-term...

Author(s)
Purser, D. A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Assessment of the ecotoxicity of airborne particulate matter.

The deleterious effect of airborne particulate matter or its individual components on human health has been widely studied; however, much less information is available on its potential toxicity on the non-human biota. This chapter is intended to give a comprehensive insight into the principle of...

Author(s)
Kováts, N.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxicity of microplastics in the marine environment.

Marine litter is one of the most expanding and devastating problems in the marine environment. Among several types of items and origins, microplastics have been drawing attention due to their small particle size (<5 mm), persistence and the potential to be ingested by a high variety of organisms ...

Author(s)
Santana, M. F. M.; Turra, A.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for UV exposure and skin-protective effects of plant polyphenols.

Skin exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation triggers a plethora of harmful effects, including skin cancer. UV radiation is linked to DNA damage, inflammation, oxidative stress, immunodepression, photoageing and extracellular matrix degradation. In this context, UV protection has emerged as a global ...

Author(s)
Agulló-Chazarra, L.; Pérez-Sánchez, A.; Herranz-López, M.; Micol, V.; Barrajón-Catalán, E.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Radon I. Lung cancer risks.

Radon is a rare natural radioactive gas. It produces solid progeny which emit alpha particles implicated in inducing cellular lesions in human bronchial epithelial tissue after inhalation. As early as the 15th century, increased rates of mortality due to respiratory diseases were observed in...

Author(s)
Melloni, B.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Microbial remediation of contaminated soils.

Our environment is threatened by thousands of contaminants, mainly as a result of human activities and industrialization. These include both inorganic (e.g. heavy metals) and organic compounds (e.g. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated hydrocarbons and herbicides). It has been shown that...

Author(s)
Shahsavari, E.; Mansur, A. A.; Aburto-Medina, A.; Haleyur, N.; Jones, N.; Ball, A. S.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Metallic iron for environmental remediation: prospects and limitations.

Metallic iron (Fe0) has been suggested as an affordable, readily available and efficient material for environmental remediation. Mixed into soil or filled in reactive barriers, Fe0 is a feasible pathway to control contamination in seepage waters. Available information in the literature, however,...

Author(s)
Noubactep, C.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter

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