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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Arginine and methionine as precursors of polyamines in trypanosomatids.

Trypanosomatids are protist parasites that are responsible for some serious diseases all over the world, mostly in developing countries, but also in countries of the northern shore of the Mediterranean Basin. Trypanosoma and Leishmania spp. infect millions of people every year and have become a...

Author(s)
Pérez-Pertejo, Y.; Morán, J. M.; Fouce, R. B.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ornithine and lysine decarboxylation in bacteria.

The ornithine and lysine decarboxylation systems are involved in the production of putrescine and cadaverine in a number of enterobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and other Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Typically, they are composed of a specific amino acid decarboxylase and a membrane...

Author(s)
Lucas, P. M.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The role of nitric oxide signalling in yeast stress response and cell death.

Nitric oxide (NO) is a small gaseous molecule and free radical with important and distinct roles in diverse physiological functions in biological systems. The relevance of NO as a signalling molecule is well known, particularly in neurons as a neurotransmitter, in blood vessels as a regulator of...

Author(s)
Ludovico, P.; Sampaio-Marques, B.; Osório, N.; Rodrigues, F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hydroxyproline metabolism in microorganisms.

L-Hydroxyproline (L-Hyp) has been detected in certain proteins, particularly collagen, as well as in some peptide antibiotics. In mammalian systems, the L-proline residue in procollagen is post-translationally hydroxylated to trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (T4LHyp) or trans-3-hydroxyl-proline (T3 LHyp). ...

Author(s)
Watanabe, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Cellular responses to serine in yeast.

The serine-glycine interconversion has been the subject of considerable research over several decades and it involves series of reactions of relevance to bacteria and fungi as well as higher organisms. Much has been published on the role of cofactors and one-carbon units in this reversible...

Author(s)
Dawes, I. W.; Kornfeld, G. D.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Threonine degradation in hyperthermophilic organisms.

Threonine degradation involves three key enzymes that lead to three different pathways. These are threonine dehydrogenase, threonine dehydratase and threonine aldolase. A search for homologues of these enzymes has revealed the presence of threonine dehydratase and threonine aldolase in the genomes...

Author(s)
Bashir, Q.; Rashid, N.; Akhtar, M.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Methionine synthesis in microbes.

The de novo biosynthesis of methionine is widespread in many microorganisms, as consistent with the vital role of methionine in the initiation of protein synthesis and in diverse metabolic pathways. In this chapter, the general biochemistry of bacterial methionine biosynthesis and the generic types ...

Author(s)
Wencker, F.; Ziebuhr, W.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolism in fungi.

The fungal biosynthesis of cysteine and methionine requires the ability to accumulate sulfur atoms from the environment and to convert the sulfur into a usable form (e.g. sulfide). In particular, the processes involved in sulfur amino acid biosynthesis, including sulfur acquisition, the generation...

Author(s)
Paietta, J. V.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Insights on <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">O</i>-acetylserine sulfhydrylase structure, function and biopharmaceutical applications.

Bacteria assimilate sulfur via a reductive pathway that leads to L-cysteine synthesis. The last step is catalysed by the pyridoxal 5′-phosphate dependent enzyme O-acetylserine sulfhydrylase (OASS). Two isoenzymes, OASS-A and OASS-B, have been identified that share similar binding sites, although...

Author(s)
Campanini, B.; Mozzarelli, A.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Metabolic engineering of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Corynebacterium glutamicum</i> for L-valine production.

L-Valine is one of the three branched-chain amino acids that is essential for animal health and important in metabolism, so it is widely added to food, medicine and feed products. It is predominantly produced through microbial fermentation, and the production efficiency largely depends on the...

Author(s)
Wang, X.; Quinn, P. J.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter

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