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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid metabolism in helminths.

Metabolism of amino acids is better known in nematodes than in other helminths, particularly in parasites of mammals, including humans. There are differences between species and also between life cycle stages, so the presence of genes encoding their proteins does not ensure functional enzymes, e.g. ...

Author(s)
Simpson, H. V.; Umair, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Microbial degradation of amino acids in anoxic environments.

In the absence of terminal electron-acceptors such as sulfate, nitrate or molecular oxygen, only a few fermenting bacteria (Firmicutes) can catabolize amino acids. For every one of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids, at least one degradation pathway is known. Many pathways involve radical...

Author(s)
Parthasarathy, A.; Chowdhury, N. P.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Utilization of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">N</i>-methylated amino acids by bacteria.

N-methylated amino acids are sources of bacterial nutrition and contribute to multiple aspects of bacterial biology, including osmoprotection. This chapter will summarize current knowledge of the sources, functions and catabolic pathways for bacterial utilization of the major N-methylated amino...

Author(s)
Wargo, M. J.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Biofilm formation: amino acid biomarkers in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Candida albicans</i>.

Candida albicans biofilms are multicellular communities formed by individual yeast cells which are extremely resistant to a wide spectrum of antifungal drugs. Based on studies carried out in vitro, C. albicans biofilm formation can be partitioned into four basic stages: the adherence stage; the...

Author(s)
Cao, Y.; Liao, Z.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Adaptation in microbes and higher plants.

This chapter examines the biochemical pathways involved in detoxification processes in microbes and plants and explores the potential for bioremediation in contaminated ecosystems.

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789245189)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ozone I. Human disorders: an overview.

Ground-level ozone is one of the most widespread pollutants in the world. Millions of people are exposed to unhealthy levels of ozone air pollution on a daily basis. Often called 'smog', ozone is harmful to breathe and is associated with the development and exacerbation of pulmonary and...

Author(s)
Silveyra, P.; Fuentes, N.; Rivera, L.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Dioxins III. Relationship to pre-diabetes, diabetes and diabetic nephropathy.

Toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) have been defined for seven polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, ten polychlorinated dibenzofurans and 12 polychlorinated biphenyls (van den Berg et al., 2006). Twenty-three of the 29 dioxin-like chemicals were measured in human blood during the 1999-2004 National...

Author(s)
Everett, C. J.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Crude oil pollution I. <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Deepwater Horizon</i> contamination: human health effects and health risk assessments, a case study.

On 20 April 2010 the Deepwater Horizon mobile oil exploration platform experienced a devastating accident that led to the largest marine oil spill in history. This event led to concern about health risk due to oil-related chemical exposures in oil spill response personnel, including workers and...

Author(s)
Wilson, M. J.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Fukushima nuclear accident: potential health effects inferred from butterfly and human cases.

Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant released massive amounts of radioactive materials in 2011, resulting in environmental pollution in the Tohoku-Kanto districts of Japan. Biological effects of this nuclear accident have been examined using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, as an...

Author(s)
Otaki, J. M.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Alanine aminotransferase: amino acid metabolism in higher plants.

Alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT, EC 2.6.1.2) catalyses the reversible transfer of an amino group from alanine (Ala) to 2-oxoglutarate to form pyruvate and glutamate. AlaAT is a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme that serves as the main route of alanine biosynthesis and degradation. This chapter...

Author(s)
Raychaudhuri, A.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter

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