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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed processing for commercial production.

Oil palm seeds have sessile embryos and, for germination to start, the operculum that blocks the germ pore (and essentially makes the seed dormant) has to be weakened. Seed processing procedures must be implemented and monitored to ensure maximum and uniform germinations are achieved; the usual...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed production for breeding.

Seed production processes for breeding follow the same basic processes as described for (Dura) commercial seed. Breeding seed may be either Dura (thick shelled) or Tenera (thin shelled). As in commercial production, oil palm breeding seeds require heat treatment before germination will start. Seed...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introduction.

A brief and general description of mutation breeding is provided. Mutation has been a successful strategy in producing over 3000 mutant cultivars in over 200 crop species worldwide. Oil palm is one of the few major crop species, and the only oil crop not to have been improved by mutation breeding....

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Health and safety considerations and guidelines.

Mutation induction is the most hazardous part of mutation breeding. The application of physical or chemical mutagens as well as the general handling of mutant materials in mutation breeding has associated high health and safety risks. Poor practice can be hazardous, resulting in minor or serious...

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Radio-sensitivity testing.

Before physical mutagenesis can be applied for plant breeding purposes, the optimum irradiation dose needs to be determined. This is done using a radio-sensitivity test in which a range of dose treatments are applied to the target material. After irradiation treatments, the materials are grown out...

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Options for mutation breeding in oil palm.

Theoretical and practical options for mutation breeding in oil palm are discussed. In theory, haploids are considered the ideal targets, as the induced mutation can be fixed instantly on conversion to doubled haploids. However, haploid/doubled haploid technology is in its infancy in oil palm and...

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Protocol for developing mutant generations for mutant selection.

A practical step-by-step protocol is presented for mutation induction and mutation detection in oil palm. Germinated seed is chosen as the target material for mutation induction, as this provides the quickest development of mutant populations (as discussed in Chapters 3 and 4 of this manual). The...

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Services in irradiation treatments.

Physical mutagens, particularly gamma and X-rays, are well established in plant mutation breeding. Although gamma irradiation has been predominant, it involves the use of radioactive isotopes and requires specialist facilities (gamma cells, gamma houses and gamma fields). X-ray machines are more...

Author(s)
Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Osei, S. A.; Amiteye, S.; Ciomas, J.; Hoeman, S.; Jankuloski, L.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786396211)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Info
Cover for Crossing in oil palm: a manual.

This manual discusses first the history of cultivation and breeding, as well as the pollen and embryo sac biology, fertilization, germplasm and commercial crossing, of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Then, guidelines in health and safety issues relating to crossing in oil palm are given, followed by...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introduction.

A brief history of the evolution of the oil palm crop is provided, from domestication and small-scale production in Africa (its centre of origin/diversity) to crop expansion, especially in South-east Asia, in becoming the world's top oil crop. Knowledge of the biology and genetics of oil palm are...

Author(s)
Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Dery, S.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395917)
Type
Book chapter

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