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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Info
Cover for Seed production in oil palm: a manual.

This manual discusses first the history of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) production and the health and safety in the seed processing facility, then describes the isolation of the female inflorescence, pollination, harvesting, seed preparation, seed viability testing, seed moisture testing, seed...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introduction.

Oil palm, EIaeis guineensis Jacq., is an important source of vegetable oil. Oil is extracted from the fruit mesocarp (crude palm oil) and from the seed (palm kernel oil). Botanically, the fruit is a drupe, with the kernel protected by a shell (nut). The commercial oil palm is Tenera (thin shelled), ...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Health and safety considerations.

All field and laboratory operations should have standard health and safety protocols. These may vary according to local requirements and standards. Some equipment will also come with instructions on proper use, which may involve training, including health and safety issues. Failure to abide by...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Isolation of the female inflorescence.

Care is required when isolating female inflorescences to prevent damage. The developing inflorescence should be treated with insecticides to prevent insects, particularly the oil palm-pollinating weevil, from leading to pollen cross-contamination. Specialized isolation bags are designed with a...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pollination.

Pollination is controlled through a window in the specialized isolation bag; this reduces the risk of contamination (foreign pollen, disease and insects). Prior to pollination, the area around the isolation bag is sprayed to kill insects, as these can carry unwanted pollen. Pollen is normally mixed ...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Harvesting.

The ripe bunch with red-coloured fruits can be harvested about 150 days after pollination, or when one loose fruit appears on the ground. Harvested bunches are sent to the processing area in gunny sacks, along with any loose fruit that detach during harvesting. Minimum ripeness standards are used...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed preparation.

In order to collect fresh seeds from harvested bunches, the fresh bunch is chopped using an axe (a trained worker must be assigned to this job) to separate the spikelets from the stalk. Fruits attached to spikelets are fermented for 3-4 days in an area separate from the detached fruits. Detached...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed viability testing.

Seed viability testing in seed processing is carried out to forecast germination levels. The test is destructive and involves removing the embryo from the kernel for visual inspection.

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed moisture testing.

Seed moisture content is critically important for efficient seed processing. In order to achieve the highest seed germination, the moisture must be controlled: if it is too low, the seed will die; and if too high, it will stimulate fungal growth and result in seed loss during processing.

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seed processing for commercial production.

Oil palm seeds have sessile embryos and, for germination to start, the operculum that blocks the germ pore (and essentially makes the seed dormant) has to be weakened. Seed processing procedures must be implemented and monitored to ensure maximum and uniform germinations are achieved; the usual...

Author(s)
Kelanaputra, E. S.; Nelson, S. P. C.; Setiawati, U.; Sitepu, B.; Nur, F.; Forster, B. P.; Purba, A. R.
ISBN
2018 CAB International (H ISBN 9781786395887)
Type
Book chapter

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