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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Agricultural and pharmaceutical applications of Chilean soapbark tree (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Quillaja saponaria</i>) saponins.

The saponins and other phytochemicals in the biomass of the Chilean soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria) have numerous positive applications in animal production. The inclusion of low concentrations (100-150 ppm) of whole plant quillaja powder as a feed additive increases animal performance and...

Author(s)
Cheeke, P. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Comparative study of monocrotaline toxicity on peritoneal macrophage activity when dosed for 14 or 28 days.

This study evaluated if monocrotaline (MCT) administration to rats for 28 days has a modulatory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production by peritoneal macrophages (MO). MCT from Crotalaria spectabilis was dissolved and mixed with 1.0% phosphoric acid solution. Distilled water was then added to...

Author(s)
Benassi, J. C.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.; Hueza, I. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays.

Two cell lines were used to study the activities of teratogenic nAChR agonist N-methylconiine, i.e. TE-671 cells, which express fetal human muscle-type nAChR, and SH-SY57 cells, which have the characteristics of fetal human sympathetic neurons. The activities of N-methylconiine were then compared...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Kem, W.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Rotenoids, neurotoxic principles of seeds from <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Aeschynomene indica</i> (Leguminosae).

The toxicological effects of the extract from A. indica seeds on mice and toxic compounds in the extract were studied. The ethanol extract of the seeds was suspended in 10 ml of 80% ethanol, yielding a white solid residue. This residue was filtered and identified as starch. After concentration...

Author(s)
Borghi, G. A.; Latorre, A. O.; Lopes, P. L.; Higa, K. C.; Lopes, L. M. X.; Maiorka, P. C.; Górniak, S. L.; Haraguchi, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Maintaining aversion to <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geigeria ornativa</i> (Vermeerbos) in sheep by means of continuous exposure to an aversive mixture presented in a self-feeder.

Studies were conducted to investigate whether continuous exposure to an aversive mixture, presented in a self-feeder in the field, would accomplish persistent intake of the aversive mixture and thereby sustain aversion of sheep to Geigeria ornativa. Fifteen 2-year-old Dorper wethers averted to G....

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Theunissen, A.; Mosia, K.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amended method of averting cattle to yellow tulp (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Moraea pallida</i>).

This article describes a modified method to teach cattle to avoid yellow tulp (Moraea pallida) while grazing pastures in South African conditions. It was shown that the combination of intramuscular injection with epoxyscillirosidin and drenching with lithium carbonate was effective in aversion...

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Labuschagne, L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of the cytotoxic and spasmolytic activities of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum asperum</i> Rich. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the haemolytic activity of the methanol extract obtained from roots of Solanum asperum (SAr-MeOH) on rat erythrocytes and its spasmolytic activity on guineapig trachea and ileum. Blood samples were collected from rats through cardiac puncture to obtain...

Author(s)
Lima, L. O.; Silva, A. D. S.; Silva, P. C. B.; Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Silva, T. M. S.; Silva, B. A.; Cavalcante, F. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic effects of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis trimera</i> on pregnant rats and their conceptuses.

Studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of the hydroethanolic extract of Baccharis trimera (HEBT) in pregnant rats when administered during the period of organogenesis and the entire pregnancy and the occurrence of malformations and/or variations in their litters. A total of 35 nulliparous...

Author(s)
Grance, S. R. M.; Teixeira, M. A.; Oliveira, R. J.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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