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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Rotenoids, neurotoxic principles of seeds from <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Aeschynomene indica</i> (Leguminosae).

The toxicological effects of the extract from A. indica seeds on mice and toxic compounds in the extract were studied. The ethanol extract of the seeds was suspended in 10 ml of 80% ethanol, yielding a white solid residue. This residue was filtered and identified as starch. After concentration...

Author(s)
Borghi, G. A.; Latorre, A. O.; Lopes, P. L.; Higa, K. C.; Lopes, L. M. X.; Maiorka, P. C.; Górniak, S. L.; Haraguchi, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Maintaining aversion to <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geigeria ornativa</i> (Vermeerbos) in sheep by means of continuous exposure to an aversive mixture presented in a self-feeder.

Studies were conducted to investigate whether continuous exposure to an aversive mixture, presented in a self-feeder in the field, would accomplish persistent intake of the aversive mixture and thereby sustain aversion of sheep to Geigeria ornativa. Fifteen 2-year-old Dorper wethers averted to G....

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Theunissen, A.; Mosia, K.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amended method of averting cattle to yellow tulp (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Moraea pallida</i>).

This article describes a modified method to teach cattle to avoid yellow tulp (Moraea pallida) while grazing pastures in South African conditions. It was shown that the combination of intramuscular injection with epoxyscillirosidin and drenching with lithium carbonate was effective in aversion...

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Labuschagne, L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of the cytotoxic and spasmolytic activities of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum asperum</i> Rich. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the haemolytic activity of the methanol extract obtained from roots of Solanum asperum (SAr-MeOH) on rat erythrocytes and its spasmolytic activity on guineapig trachea and ileum. Blood samples were collected from rats through cardiac puncture to obtain...

Author(s)
Lima, L. O.; Silva, A. D. S.; Silva, P. C. B.; Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Silva, T. M. S.; Silva, B. A.; Cavalcante, F. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic effects of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis trimera</i> on pregnant rats and their conceptuses.

Studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of the hydroethanolic extract of Baccharis trimera (HEBT) in pregnant rats when administered during the period of organogenesis and the entire pregnancy and the occurrence of malformations and/or variations in their litters. A total of 35 nulliparous...

Author(s)
Grance, S. R. M.; Teixeira, M. A.; Oliveira, R. J.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxicity in mice of the total alkaloid fraction of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Chondrodendron platyphyllum</i>.

Studies were conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the total alkaloid fraction of Chondrodendron platyphyllum in mice and its possible effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Adult male albino Swiss mice were administered with the stem bark extract of C. platyphyllum and the animals were...

Author(s)
Montenegro, F. C.; Sena, M. C. P.; Filho, J. M. B.; Araújo, D. A. M.; Almeida, R. N.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Poisonous plants affecting livestock in Central America, with emphasis on Panama.

This chapter presents the poisonous plants affecting livestock in Central America, with emphasis on Panama. The data presented here were obtained from field surveys and necropsies in 1994-95, 2000-01 and 2009. Only plants that induce spontaneous intoxication on livestock raised under range...

Author(s)
Armién, A. G.; Peixoto, P. V.; Tokarnia, C. H.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Poisonous plants affecting sheep in Southern Brazil.

A review of the most important poisonous plants that affect cattle in southern Brazil was conducted by the Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology (LVP) of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM). The results of that study demonstrated that the main cause of death in cattle was liver failure...

Author(s)
Rissi, D. R.; Sant'Ana, F. J. F.; Pierezan, F.; Anjos, B. L.; Barros, C. S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants grown in gardens in Alto Branco, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.

This chapter presents the results of a study aimed to do a survey on toxic plant species present in gardens in Alto Branco, in the city of Campina Grande (Paraíba, Brazil), as well as to do a brief summary of the main characteristics related to each one of the species in order to have a greater...

Author(s)
Brito, R. G.; Santos, R. L.; Guimarães, G. P.; Dantas, I. C.; Felismino, D. C.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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