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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Zearalenone: an estrogenic mycotoxin with immunotoxic effects.

This chapter presents a study aiming to verify if zearalenone (ZEA), like oestrogen, can induce alterations in some immune parameters in female ovariectomized Wistar rats. Results revealed that female rats treated with ZEA for 28 days showed a decreased food intake and a significantly lower body...

Author(s)
Hueza, I. M.; Tanabe, V. K.; Benassi, J. C.; Raspantini, L. E. R.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ethanol poisoning in cattle by ingestion of waste beer yeast in Brazil.

This article describes the clinical signs and diagnosis of natural and experimental ethanol poisoning in cattle in Piraí, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil [date not given]. Although waste beer yeast is used in cattle feeding, it can also lead to intoxication.

Author(s)
Peixoto, P. V.; Brust, L. A. C.; Brito, M. F.; França, T. N.; Malafaia, P.; Tokarnia, C. H.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Immunotoxic and toxic evaluation of subchronic exposure to saxitoxin in rats.

Forty male rats were equally divided into 4 groups and administered with saxitoxin (STX) at 0, 10, 30 and 90 µg/kg body weight by gavage for 28 days. Bone marrow, lymphocyte proliferation and histopathology of selected tissues were analysed after euthanasia. It was shown that body weight gain, food ...

Author(s)
Pípole, F.; Latorre, A. O.; Carvalho, L. R.; Hueza, I. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Production of a saxitoxin standard from cyanobacteria.

A methodology for the production of a saxitoxin (STX) standard from cyanobacteria (Raphydiopsis brookii strain SPC 338) was developed. The cyanobacterium was cultured in 5-litre culture bottles in ASM-1 medium, pH 7.4 at 22±1°C, under continuous light at an irradiance of 45-50 mmol m-2 s-1 and...

Author(s)
Pípole, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Carvalho, L. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Differential diagnosis between plant poisonings and snakebites in cattle in Brazil.

This article describes the clinical signs of snake bite vs. poisonous plant ingestion in livestock in Brazil.

Author(s)
Peixoto, P. V.; Graça, F. S.; Caldas, S. A.; Aragão, A. P.; França, T. N.; Tokarnia, C. H.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The use of a guinea pig model in detecting diplodiosis, a neuromycotoxicosis of ruminants.

The clinical signs of Stenocarpella maydis neuromycotoxicosis in guineapigs as models for the condition in ruminants in South Africa ingesting maize (Zea mays) contaminated with the fungus are described.

Author(s)
Schultz, R. A.; Snyman, L. D.; Basson, K. M.; Labuschagne, L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Agricultural and pharmaceutical applications of Chilean soapbark tree (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Quillaja saponaria</i>) saponins.

The saponins and other phytochemicals in the biomass of the Chilean soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria) have numerous positive applications in animal production. The inclusion of low concentrations (100-150 ppm) of whole plant quillaja powder as a feed additive increases animal performance and...

Author(s)
Cheeke, P. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Comparative study of monocrotaline toxicity on peritoneal macrophage activity when dosed for 14 or 28 days.

This study evaluated if monocrotaline (MCT) administration to rats for 28 days has a modulatory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production by peritoneal macrophages (MO). MCT from Crotalaria spectabilis was dissolved and mixed with 1.0% phosphoric acid solution. Distilled water was then added to...

Author(s)
Benassi, J. C.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.; Hueza, I. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays.

Two cell lines were used to study the activities of teratogenic nAChR agonist N-methylconiine, i.e. TE-671 cells, which express fetal human muscle-type nAChR, and SH-SY57 cells, which have the characteristics of fetal human sympathetic neurons. The activities of N-methylconiine were then compared...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Kem, W.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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