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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introduction and the AIGM research project.

As a sequel to a series of workshops organized by the European Science Foundation programme Assessment of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Plants (AIGM), this conference aimed at exploring the ecological and evolutionary effects of the introduction of transgenes into wild relatives of crops, by...

Author(s)
Sweet, J.; Nijs, H. C. M. den; Bartsch, D.
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Info
Cover for Introgression from genetically modified plants into wild relatives.

Introgression is the incorporation of a gene from one organism complex into another as a result of hybridization. A major concern with the use of genetically modified (GM) plants is the unintentional spread of the new genes from cultivated plants to their wild relatives and the subsequent impacts...

Author(s)
Nijs, H. C. M. den; Bartsch, D.; Sweet, J.
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introgression of GM plants and the EU guidance note for monitoring.

According to EU Directive 2001/18/EC and its Appendix VII, there will be mandatory monitoring of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) placed on the market to: (i) trace and identify eventual effects of the placing on the market of GMOs; and (ii) give feedback to the risk assessment procedure. A...

Author(s)
Nijs, H. C. M. den; Bartsch, D.
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hybridization in nature: lessons for the introgression of transgenes into wild relatives.

Many factors determine the chance of transfer of genes from crops to wild relatives: the distance and divergence between them, the extent of gene flow, and the fitness of hybrids. The spectrum of genes that can be transferred to a target species by genetic modification is much wider than that of...

Author(s)
Tienderen, P. H. van
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Crop to wild gene flow in rice and its ecological consequences.

Gene flow is the major pathway for transgene escape from crops to their wild relatives (including weedy biotypes). Transgenes that spread to and persist in the environment will probably lead to ecological consequences. Those genes that resist biotic and abiotic stresses could considerably enhance...

Author(s)
Lu BaoRong; Song ZhiPing; Chen JiaKuan
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Analysis of gene flow in the lettuce crop-weed complex.

Cultivated lettuce, Lactuca sativa, and wild prickly lettuce, L. serriola, have been shown to be closely related, if not conspecific. Even though both species are regarded as basically self-pollinating, outcrossing does occur, however to an unknown extent. In the context of an EU-funded project...

Author(s)
Wiel, C. van de; Flavell, A.; Syed, N.; Antonise, R.; Voort, J. R. van der; Linden, G. van der
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for A review on interspecific gene flow from oilseed rape to wild relatives.

One of the main concerns about the commercial release of transgenic crops is the likelihood of transgene spread from cultivated species into wild relatives. This question is relevant for oilseed rape/canola (Brassica napus, AACC, 2n=38), as this species is partially allogamous with several wild...

Author(s)
Chèvre, A. M.; Ammitzbøll, H.; Breckling, B.; Dietz-Pfeilstetter, A.; Eber, F.; Fargue, A.; Gomez-Campo, C.; Jenczewski, E.; Jørgensen, R.; Lavigne, C.; Meier, M. S.; Nijs, H. C. M. den; Pascher, K.; Seguin-Swartz, G.; Sweet, J.; Stewart, C. N., Jr.; Warwick, S.
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Introgression of cultivar beet genes to wild beet in the Ukraine.

One concern about the use of genetically modified plants is the unintentional spread of new genes from cultivated plants to their wild relatives causing unwanted effects. The ecological and genetic consequences of gene flow depend on the amount and direction of gene flow as well as on the fitness...

Author(s)
Slyvchenko, O.; Bartsch, D.
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hybrids between cultivated and wild carrots: a life history.

Cultivated and wild carrots can hybridize spontaneously, and transgenes may therefore potentially spread from genetically modified carrots into wild populations. This can happen by several different routes. Flowering cultivated carrots may send out pollen to neighbouring populations of wild carrots ...

Author(s)
Hauser, T. P.; Bjørn, G. K.; Magnussen, L.; Shim SangIn
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Gene exchange between wild and crop in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Beta vulgaris</i>: how easy is hybridization and what will happen in later generations?

Four conditions are needed for the introgression of crop genes into wild relatives: (i) pollination is possible; (ii) zygotes are formed (compatibility of pollen and ovules); (iii) F1 hybrids and later hybrid generations are viable and fertile; and (iv) there is no selection against the introduced...

Author(s)
Dijk, H. van
ISBN
2004 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851998169)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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