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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States.

The incidence of livestock congenital malformations has been estimated at 1-3% of all births and it has been speculated that 33% of all congenital malformations in livestock are induced by poisonous plants. This chapter describes some plants (including Veratrum, Solanum, Nicotiana, Astragalus,...

Author(s)
Panter, K. E.; Welch, K. D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Ralphs, M. H.; Davis, T. Z.; Green, B. T.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Dose-response evaluation of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Veratrum californicum</i> in sheep.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose of ground V. californicum root and the corresponding dose of cyclopamine that would not severely incapacitate the ewes or cause fetal death but still cause craniofacial malformations in the lambs. The...

Author(s)
Welch, K. D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Cook, D.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Poisonous plants affecting the nervous system of horses in Brazil.

This chapter reports poisonous plants affecting the nervous system in horses in Brazil. These incluse Indigofera lespedezioides, Turbina cordata, Sida carpinifolia, Crotalaria retusa, Bambusa vulgaris f. vulgaris, Hypochaeris radicata, Equisetum spp and Senecio spp.

Author(s)
Lima, E. F.; Riet-Correa, B.; Riet-Correa, F.; Medeiros, R. M. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Riet-Correa, G.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Measurement of steroidal saponins in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Panicum</i> and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Brachiaria</i> grasses in the USA and Brazil.

Four switchgrass cultivars (Trailblazer, Cave-in-Rock, Summer, and Kanlow) were grown at the University of Nebraska Agricultural Research and Development Center. Each cultivar was hand-harvested to a 10 cm stubble height on 3 July 2002. Five Panicum maximum samples were collected on 4 February 2005 ...

Author(s)
Lee, S. T.; Mitchell, R. B.; Gardner, D. R.; Tokarnia, C. H.; Riet-Correa, F.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Seasonal variation in pyrrolizidine alkaloid concentration and plant development in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Senecio madagascariensis</i> Poir. (Asteraceae) in Brazil.

This chapter presents the results of studies conducted in the municipality of Eldorado do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in July and October 2007 and January and May 2008 to measure the pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) concentrations of S. madagascariensis plant material (including leaves,...

Author(s)
Karam, F. S. C.; Haraguchi, M.; Gardner, D. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock.

This chapter presents a study aiming to identify the minimal doses that produce clinical locoism and better describe the lesions of locoweed (Astragalus mollissimus/Oxytropis sericea) poisoning in horses. Sixteen mature mares were randomly divided into 4 groups of 4 animals. The horses were...

Author(s)
Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Lee, S. T.; Ralphs, M. H.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis.

The contributions of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine (MDL)-type alkaloids on the overall toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) were evaluated. The effects of deltaline and 14-O-acetyldictyocarpine (14-OAD) on the toxicity of methyllycaconitine (MLA) in mice were assessed following...

Author(s)
Welch, K. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.; Green, B. T.; Cook, D.; Pfister, J. A.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' in Washington and Oregon: identification of the alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sericeus</i>, <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sulphureus</i>, and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus leucophyllus</i>.

The characteristic alkaloid profiles of L. sulphureus, L. leucophyllus and L. sericeus in northeastern Oregon and the Channel Scablands of east-central Washington, USA, were studied. Seven chemotypes were identified from the collections of L. sulphureus. Chemotype A collected near Ritzville,...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Davis, T. Z.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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