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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States.

The incidence of livestock congenital malformations has been estimated at 1-3% of all births and it has been speculated that 33% of all congenital malformations in livestock are induced by poisonous plants. This chapter describes some plants (including Veratrum, Solanum, Nicotiana, Astragalus,...

Author(s)
Panter, K. E.; Welch, K. D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Ralphs, M. H.; Davis, T. Z.; Green, B. T.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays.

Two cell lines were used to study the activities of teratogenic nAChR agonist N-methylconiine, i.e. TE-671 cells, which express fetal human muscle-type nAChR, and SH-SY57 cells, which have the characteristics of fetal human sympathetic neurons. The activities of N-methylconiine were then compared...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Kem, W.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock.

This chapter presents a study aiming to identify the minimal doses that produce clinical locoism and better describe the lesions of locoweed (Astragalus mollissimus/Oxytropis sericea) poisoning in horses. Sixteen mature mares were randomly divided into 4 groups of 4 animals. The horses were...

Author(s)
Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Lee, S. T.; Ralphs, M. H.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants.

The acute toxicosis and toxicokinetics of Se (6 mg/kg body weight) in lambs orally dosed with selenate, methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), selenomethionine (the most common form of Se in non-primary accumulator forages) and the Se-accumulator plant western aster (Aster ascendens [Symphyotrichum...

Author(s)
Davis, T. Z.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Hall, J. O.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis.

The contributions of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine (MDL)-type alkaloids on the overall toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) were evaluated. The effects of deltaline and 14-O-acetyldictyocarpine (14-OAD) on the toxicity of methyllycaconitine (MLA) in mice were assessed following...

Author(s)
Welch, K. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.; Green, B. T.; Cook, D.; Pfister, J. A.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' in Washington and Oregon: identification of the alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sericeus</i>, <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sulphureus</i>, and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus leucophyllus</i>.

The characteristic alkaloid profiles of L. sulphureus, L. leucophyllus and L. sericeus in northeastern Oregon and the Channel Scablands of east-central Washington, USA, were studied. Seven chemotypes were identified from the collections of L. sulphureus. Chemotype A collected near Ritzville,...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Davis, T. Z.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Distribution of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium occidentale</i> chemotypes and their potential toxicity.

Field samples of D. occidentale populations (1464 plants representing 118 accessions) were collected in the summer of 2007 and 2008 throughout the geographical distribution of D. occidentale, including Utah, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada and Oregon, USA. These samples, along with 599...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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