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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States.

The incidence of livestock congenital malformations has been estimated at 1-3% of all births and it has been speculated that 33% of all congenital malformations in livestock are induced by poisonous plants. This chapter describes some plants (including Veratrum, Solanum, Nicotiana, Astragalus,...

Author(s)
Panter, K. E.; Welch, K. D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Ralphs, M. H.; Davis, T. Z.; Green, B. T.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effects of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Senna occidentalis</i> seeds ingested during gestation on kid behavior.

Despite the clinical and histopathological knowledge about Senna occidentalis (Cassia occidentalis) intoxication, little is known about the effects of this plant when eaten during the perinatal period. This chapter presents a study aiming to (i) evaluate some behavioural changes in the development...

Author(s)
Barbosa-Ferreira, M.; Pfister, J. A.; Gotardo, A. T.; Raspantini, P. C. F.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Neonate behavior in goats is affected by maternal ingestion of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Ipomoea carnea</i>.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to evaluate the behavioural effects on dams and kids of prenatal ingestion of Ipomoea carnea. Animals were randomly divided into two treatment groups, controls (n=5) and treatment (n=9; 10 g I. carnea fresh plant material/kg body weight)....

Author(s)
Gotardo, A. T.; Pfister, J. A.; Barbosa-Ferreira, M.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis pteronioides</i> toxicity.

The purpose of this study is to develop a small animal model of B. pteronioides toxicity, describe the clinical, gross, and histologic lesions of poisoning, and initiate chemical studies to identify the toxin and characterize and describe its toxicity. Leaves of B. pteronioides, collected from Utah ...

Author(s)
Stegelmeier, B. L.; Sani, Y.; Pfister, J. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned aversion induced by <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis coridifolia</i> in sheep and cattle.

The efficiency of the following methods to prevent livestock poisoning by B. coridifolia was evaluated in Brazil: (1) burning plant material under an animalś nose and having the animal inhale the resulting smoke, (2) rubbing the plant on the animalś muzzle and mouth, and (3) gradually introducing...

Author(s)
Almeida, M. B.; Assis-Brasil, N. D.; Schild, A. L.; Riet-Correa, F.; Pfister, J. A.; Soares, M. P. S.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock.

This chapter presents a study aiming to identify the minimal doses that produce clinical locoism and better describe the lesions of locoweed (Astragalus mollissimus/Oxytropis sericea) poisoning in horses. Sixteen mature mares were randomly divided into 4 groups of 4 animals. The horses were...

Author(s)
Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Lee, S. T.; Ralphs, M. H.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis.

The contributions of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine (MDL)-type alkaloids on the overall toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) were evaluated. The effects of deltaline and 14-O-acetyldictyocarpine (14-OAD) on the toxicity of methyllycaconitine (MLA) in mice were assessed following...

Author(s)
Welch, K. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.; Green, B. T.; Cook, D.; Pfister, J. A.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' in Washington and Oregon: identification of the alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sericeus</i>, <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sulphureus</i>, and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus leucophyllus</i>.

The characteristic alkaloid profiles of L. sulphureus, L. leucophyllus and L. sericeus in northeastern Oregon and the Channel Scablands of east-central Washington, USA, were studied. Seven chemotypes were identified from the collections of L. sulphureus. Chemotype A collected near Ritzville,...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Davis, T. Z.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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