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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Info
Cover for The handbook of microbial metabolism of amino acids.

This handbook explores the most recent advances in knowledge regarding amino acid metabolism in different microbial organisms, including bacteria, yeasts, fungi, protozoa and nematodes, with emphasis on the similarities and differences in the way these organisms handle amino acids. Inclusive of 9...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glutamate decarboxylase in bacteria.

γ-Aminobutyrate (GABA) is a non-proteinaceous amino acid which plays different roles in the living systems. GABA is biochemically produced by the irreversible α-decarboxylation of L-glutamate catalysed by glutamate decarboxylase (Gad), a widespread enzyme distributed among eukaryotes and...

Author(s)
Giovannercole, F.; Pennacchietti, E.; Biase, D. de
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Recent advances underpinning innovative strategies for the future.

It is instructive to evaluate recent evidence as presented in the preceding chapters of this volume. It is immediately clear that significant advances have been reported on the mainstream biochemistry of all the major families of amino acids in a diverse range of microorganisms. Emerging...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Crude oil pollution II. Effects of the <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Deepwater Horizon</i> contamination on sediment toxicity in the Gulf of Mexico.

The Deepwater Horizon accident and subsequent oil spill released between 3.2 and 6.2 million barrels (509-986 million litres) of oil. Following capping of the well site, a series of cruises was undertaken from September through October 2010 to determine if oil had reached the bottom and if sediment ...

Author(s)
Montagna, P. A.; Arismendez, S. S.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Structural and functional properties of glutamate dehydrogenases.

Glutamate dehydrogenases are homooligomeric enzymes that catalyse the reversible oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate, thereby linking nitrogen metabolism and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Four different classes of the enzyme are known in microbes that differ in size and cofactor...

Author(s)
Brown, S.; Simcock, D. C.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lysine biosynthesis in microorganisms.

Lysine is an essential amino acid that is synthesized in plants and microorganisms via two metabolic routes which evolved independently. Fungi and some archaeal species employ the intermediate α-aminoadipate to anabolize lysine. Bacteria and photosynthetic cohorts, in contrast, employ the...

Author(s)
Hudson, A. O.; Savka, M. A.; Pearce, F. G.; Dobson, R. C. J.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Arginase and microbial pathogenesis in the lungs.

Strict regulation of pulmonary capillary barrier integrity is crucial for preventing capillary leak and ensuring optimal gaseous exchange at the alveolar-capillary interface. Bacterial infection of the lungs, as can be seen during severe pneumonia, can dramatically impair lung barrier function and...

Author(s)
Lucas, M. J. R.; Caldwell, R. W.; Fulton, D.; Chakraborty, T.; Lucas, R.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ornithine and lysine decarboxylation in bacteria.

The ornithine and lysine decarboxylation systems are involved in the production of putrescine and cadaverine in a number of enterobacteria, lactic acid bacteria and other Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Typically, they are composed of a specific amino acid decarboxylase and a membrane...

Author(s)
Lucas, P. M.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hydroxyproline metabolism in microorganisms.

L-Hydroxyproline (L-Hyp) has been detected in certain proteins, particularly collagen, as well as in some peptide antibiotics. In mammalian systems, the L-proline residue in procollagen is post-translationally hydroxylated to trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (T4LHyp) or trans-3-hydroxyl-proline (T3 LHyp). ...

Author(s)
Watanabe, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Methionine synthesis in microbes.

The de novo biosynthesis of methionine is widespread in many microorganisms, as consistent with the vital role of methionine in the initiation of protein synthesis and in diverse metabolic pathways. In this chapter, the general biochemistry of bacterial methionine biosynthesis and the generic types ...

Author(s)
Wencker, F.; Ziebuhr, W.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter

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