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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acids and peptides as mediators of abiotic stress tolerance in higher plants.

This chapter discusses the role of amino acids and peptides in mediating abiotic stress tolerance in higher plants. The pathways involved in plant responses to abiotic stress (such as salinity, ambient temperature, drought, acid rain, anoxia and heavy metal contamination) are highly complex,...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Recent advances underpinning innovative strategies for the future.

It is instructive to evaluate recent evidence as presented in the preceding chapters of this volume. It is immediately clear that significant advances have been reported on the mainstream biochemistry of all the major families of amino acids in a diverse range of microorganisms. Emerging...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Mycotoxins.

Mycotoxins induce adverse effects in humans and other vertebrate animals. Their production is determined by ecological and environmental factors (temperature, humidity and substrate water activity). The preponderance of specialized fungi in particular niches determines the type and range of...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolism in fungi.

The fungal biosynthesis of cysteine and methionine requires the ability to accumulate sulfur atoms from the environment and to convert the sulfur into a usable form (e.g. sulfide). In particular, the processes involved in sulfur amino acid biosynthesis, including sulfur acquisition, the generation...

Author(s)
Paietta, J. V.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid metabolism in helminths.

Metabolism of amino acids is better known in nematodes than in other helminths, particularly in parasites of mammals, including humans. There are differences between species and also between life cycle stages, so the presence of genes encoding their proteins does not ensure functional enzymes, e.g. ...

Author(s)
Simpson, H. V.; Umair, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Alanine aminotransferase: amino acid metabolism in higher plants.

Alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT, EC 2.6.1.2) catalyses the reversible transfer of an amino group from alanine (Ala) to 2-oxoglutarate to form pyruvate and glutamate. AlaAT is a pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme that serves as the main route of alanine biosynthesis and degradation. This chapter...

Author(s)
Raychaudhuri, A.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glutamate decarboxylase.

Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) catalyses the decarboxylation of glutamate to produce γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In plants, its activity is modulated by pH and calcium. The regulation of GAD activity by calcium is through a calmodulin binding domain that seems to be specific for the plant kingdom,...

Author(s)
Molina-Rueda, J. J.; Garrido-Aranda, A.; Gallardo, F.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ornithine: at the crossroads of multiple paths to amino acids and polyamines.

After the 20 amino acids that make up the proteins in all living organisms, ornithine perhaps occupies the most critical position among the non-protein amino acids. It sits at the crossroads of interconversions of glutamate and arginine on the one hand and the production of proline, polyamines and...

Author(s)
Majumdar, R.; Minocha, R.; Minocha, S. C.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Polyamines in plants: biosynthesis from arginine, and metabolic, physiological and stress-response roles.

Biogenic amines affect a myriad of growth and developmental processes in all organisms, including plants. Therefore, there is continued interest in understanding the biosynthesis and functional roles of polyamines in regulating plant metabolism, physiology and development. The role of polyamines in ...

Author(s)
Mattoo, A. K.; Fatima, T.; Upadhyay, R. K.; Handa, A. K.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Serine acetyltransferase.

Sulfur is an essential macronutrient for plants. Sulfate, the major form of inorganic sulfur, is reduced to sulfide by the assimilatory sulfate reduction pathway. Sulfide is integrated into organic compounds via cysteine biosynthesis. Serine acetyltransferase (SERAT, also called SAT; EC 2.3.1.30),...

Author(s)
Watanabe, M.; Hubberten, H. M.; Saito, K.; Hoefgen, R.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter

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