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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Recent advances underpinning innovative strategies for the future.

It is instructive to evaluate recent evidence as presented in the preceding chapters of this volume. It is immediately clear that significant advances have been reported on the mainstream biochemistry of all the major families of amino acids in a diverse range of microorganisms. Emerging...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Phytotoxins.

Evidence of the existence of a wide range of secondary compounds and proteins in plants with pharmacological activity or with the potential to cause adverse effects in other living organisms is now firmly embedded in the scientific literature. The term 'phytotoxins' is conventionally used to...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781786394675)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Structural and functional properties of glutamate dehydrogenases.

Glutamate dehydrogenases are homooligomeric enzymes that catalyse the reversible oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate, thereby linking nitrogen metabolism and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Four different classes of the enzyme are known in microbes that differ in size and cofactor...

Author(s)
Brown, S.; Simcock, D. C.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Threonine degradation in hyperthermophilic organisms.

Threonine degradation involves three key enzymes that lead to three different pathways. These are threonine dehydrogenase, threonine dehydratase and threonine aldolase. A search for homologues of these enzymes has revealed the presence of threonine dehydratase and threonine aldolase in the genomes...

Author(s)
Bashir, Q.; Rashid, N.; Akhtar, M.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolism in fungi.

The fungal biosynthesis of cysteine and methionine requires the ability to accumulate sulfur atoms from the environment and to convert the sulfur into a usable form (e.g. sulfide). In particular, the processes involved in sulfur amino acid biosynthesis, including sulfur acquisition, the generation...

Author(s)
Paietta, J. V.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Histidine degradation in bacteria.

The ability to degrade histidine is both broadly distributed and highly conserved within the bacterial kingdom. In many cases, the complete catabolism of histidine to glutamate, ammonia and either formate or formamide allows the use of histidine as a carbon source, nitrogen source, or both. In some ...

Author(s)
Nieuwkoop, A. J.; Bender, R. A.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Functions and metabolism of D-amino acids in microorganisms.

All naturally occurring amino acids, except glycine, have two chiral forms, L (laevorotatory) and D (dextrorotatory). L-Amino acids occur predominantly in nature, but certain D-amino acids have also been found in various organisms. Microorganisms are a major source of D-amino acids in nature, and...

Author(s)
Takahashi, S.; Abe, K.; Shibata, K.; Kera, Y.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Working together: amino acid biosynthesis in endosymbiont-harbouring Trypanosomatidae.

Endosymbiosis, i.e. a cell living inside another organism's cell, is a widespread phenomenon with important evolutionary and metabolic aspects. Among the many taxa presenting endosymbiosis are the genera Strigomonas, Kentomonas and Angomonas from the Trypanosomatidae family (phylum Euglenozoa)....

Author(s)
Alves, J. M. P.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid metabolism in helminths.

Metabolism of amino acids is better known in nematodes than in other helminths, particularly in parasites of mammals, including humans. There are differences between species and also between life cycle stages, so the presence of genes encoding their proteins does not ensure functional enzymes, e.g. ...

Author(s)
Simpson, H. V.; Umair, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Biofilm formation: amino acid biomarkers in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Candida albicans</i>.

Candida albicans biofilms are multicellular communities formed by individual yeast cells which are extremely resistant to a wide spectrum of antifungal drugs. Based on studies carried out in vitro, C. albicans biofilm formation can be partitioned into four basic stages: the adherence stage; the...

Author(s)
Cao, Y.; Liao, Z.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter

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