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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Info
Cover for The handbook of microbial metabolism of amino acids.

This handbook explores the most recent advances in knowledge regarding amino acid metabolism in different microbial organisms, including bacteria, yeasts, fungi, protozoa and nematodes, with emphasis on the similarities and differences in the way these organisms handle amino acids. Inclusive of 9...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glutamate decarboxylase in bacteria.

γ-Aminobutyrate (GABA) is a non-proteinaceous amino acid which plays different roles in the living systems. GABA is biochemically produced by the irreversible α-decarboxylation of L-glutamate catalysed by glutamate decarboxylase (Gad), a widespread enzyme distributed among eukaryotes and...

Author(s)
Giovannercole, F.; Pennacchietti, E.; Biase, D. de
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pathways of utilization of D-amino acids in higher organisms.

Although an integral part of the peptidoglycan structure of bacteria, D-amino acids are ubiquitous in higher organisms by virtue of endogenous synthesis and symbiotic microbial activity. The occurrence of D-alanine, D-aspartate and D-glutamate in higher organisms is now well documented. Distinct...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Structural and functional properties of glutamate dehydrogenases.

Glutamate dehydrogenases are homooligomeric enzymes that catalyse the reversible oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate, thereby linking nitrogen metabolism and the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Four different classes of the enzyme are known in microbes that differ in size and cofactor...

Author(s)
Brown, S.; Simcock, D. C.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Histidine degradation in bacteria.

The ability to degrade histidine is both broadly distributed and highly conserved within the bacterial kingdom. In many cases, the complete catabolism of histidine to glutamate, ammonia and either formate or formamide allows the use of histidine as a carbon source, nitrogen source, or both. In some ...

Author(s)
Nieuwkoop, A. J.; Bender, R. A.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid metabolism in helminths.

Metabolism of amino acids is better known in nematodes than in other helminths, particularly in parasites of mammals, including humans. There are differences between species and also between life cycle stages, so the presence of genes encoding their proteins does not ensure functional enzymes, e.g. ...

Author(s)
Simpson, H. V.; Umair, S.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Ornithine: at the crossroads of multiple paths to amino acids and polyamines.

After the 20 amino acids that make up the proteins in all living organisms, ornithine perhaps occupies the most critical position among the non-protein amino acids. It sits at the crossroads of interconversions of glutamate and arginine on the one hand and the production of proline, polyamines and...

Author(s)
Majumdar, R.; Minocha, R.; Minocha, S. C.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid synthesis under abiotic stress.

Almost all plants have to deal with climatic factors and to develop strategies to adapt their metabolism, which may have been adversely affected, in order to acclimate and survive under these unfavourable growth conditions. Mechanisms of plant stress tolerance involve some changes in gene...

Author(s)
Planchet, E.; Limami, A. M.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The central role of glutamate and aspartate in the post-translational control of respiration and nitrogen assimilation in plant cells.

The assimilation of inorganic N, in the form of NH4+, into glutamine and glutamate via glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamine oxoglutarate aminotransferase (GOGAT) is a pivotal metabolic process in plants. This is because glutamate and glutamine are the primary amino donors for the biosynthesis of ...

Author(s)
O'Leary, B.; Plaxton, W. C.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Natural toxins that affect plant amino acid metabolism.

A diverse range of natural compounds interfere with the synthesis and other aspects of amino acid metabolism. Some are amino acid analogues, but most are not. This review covers a number of specific natural phytotoxic compounds by molecular target site. The inhibition of glutamine synthetase is of...

Author(s)
Duke, S. O.; Dayan, F. E.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter

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