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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Pathways of utilization of D-amino acids in higher organisms.

Although an integral part of the peptidoglycan structure of bacteria, D-amino acids are ubiquitous in higher organisms by virtue of endogenous synthesis and symbiotic microbial activity. The occurrence of D-alanine, D-aspartate and D-glutamate in higher organisms is now well documented. Distinct...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Arginine and methionine as precursors of polyamines in trypanosomatids.

Trypanosomatids are protist parasites that are responsible for some serious diseases all over the world, mostly in developing countries, but also in countries of the northern shore of the Mediterranean Basin. Trypanosoma and Leishmania spp. infect millions of people every year and have become a...

Author(s)
Pérez-Pertejo, Y.; Morán, J. M.; Fouce, R. B.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Methionine synthesis in microbes.

The de novo biosynthesis of methionine is widespread in many microorganisms, as consistent with the vital role of methionine in the initiation of protein synthesis and in diverse metabolic pathways. In this chapter, the general biochemistry of bacterial methionine biosynthesis and the generic types ...

Author(s)
Wencker, F.; Ziebuhr, W.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Regulation of sulfur amino acid metabolism in fungi.

The fungal biosynthesis of cysteine and methionine requires the ability to accumulate sulfur atoms from the environment and to convert the sulfur into a usable form (e.g. sulfide). In particular, the processes involved in sulfur amino acid biosynthesis, including sulfur acquisition, the generation...

Author(s)
Paietta, J. V.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Biofilm formation: amino acid biomarkers in <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Candida albicans</i>.

Candida albicans biofilms are multicellular communities formed by individual yeast cells which are extremely resistant to a wide spectrum of antifungal drugs. Based on studies carried out in vitro, C. albicans biofilm formation can be partitioned into four basic stages: the adherence stage; the...

Author(s)
Cao, Y.; Liao, Z.
ISBN
2017 CABI (H ISBN 9781780647234)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Natural toxins that affect plant amino acid metabolism.

A diverse range of natural compounds interfere with the synthesis and other aspects of amino acid metabolism. Some are amino acid analogues, but most are not. This review covers a number of specific natural phytotoxic compounds by molecular target site. The inhibition of glutamine synthetase is of...

Author(s)
Duke, S. O.; Dayan, F. E.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Adverse effects.

The adverse effects of amino acids in human nutrition and health have been reviewed in the context of the classical categories of imbalance, antagonism, and toxicity, first established in studies with animal models. This system has long existed as a conceptual framework primarily confined within...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Methionine metabolism.

The steatosic and hepatocarcinogenic effect of diets deficient in methyl groups (methionine and choline) has been known for decades. Knockout mice with either a deficiency or excess in hepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe, the first step in methionine metabolism and the main biological methyl donor)...

Author(s)
Mato, J. M.; Martínez-Chantar, M. L.; Lu, S. C.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conclusions.

This chapter explores novel and wider applications of amino acids in animal nutrition. Some of the major developments in this area are presented. Amino acid metabolism is discussed. Focus is given on branched chain amino acids, particularly on its oxidation, molecular roles and dynamics. The...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2003 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851996547)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for An outline of pathways in amino acid metabolism.

The pathways in this chapter highlight the roles of several amino acids in the metabolic processes in animals. Arginine is a key intermediate in the urea cycle, enabling mammals to dispose of waste nitrogen. Together with glycine, arginine also contributes to the formation of creatine. In poultry,...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2003 CABI Publishing (H ISBN 9780851996547)
Type
Book chapter

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