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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of immunotoxic properties of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Senecio brasiliensis</i>: study of toxicity in rats.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to (i) determine the dose of S. brasiliensis extract that could cause toxicity in male rats, and (ii) establish if there were lower doses that did not induce substantial toxicity that may, however, induce immunotoxic effects from S....

Author(s)
Elias, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxicity in mice of the total alkaloid fraction of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Chondrodendron platyphyllum</i>.

Studies were conducted to evaluate the toxicity of the total alkaloid fraction of Chondrodendron platyphyllum in mice and its possible effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Adult male albino Swiss mice were administered with the stem bark extract of C. platyphyllum and the animals were...

Author(s)
Montenegro, F. C.; Sena, M. C. P.; Filho, J. M. B.; Araújo, D. A. M.; Almeida, R. N.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Investigation of hemolytic and spasmolytic activities of the total alkaloid fraction from root bark of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum paludosum</i> Moric. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the cytotoxicity of the total alkaloid fraction from root bark of Solanum paludosum (TAF-SP) on rat erythrocytes and investigate its possible spasmolytic effect on rat uterus and guineapig trachea. To determine the effect of the TAF-SP on rat erythrocytes, an...

Author(s)
Correia, A. C. C.; Monteiro, F. de S.; Macêdo, C. L.; Basílio, I. J. L. D.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Agra, M. F.; Bhattacharyya, J.; Cavalcante, F. A.; Silva, B. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis.

The contributions of 7,8-methylenedioxylycoctonine (MDL)-type alkaloids on the overall toxicity of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) were evaluated. The effects of deltaline and 14-O-acetyldictyocarpine (14-OAD) on the toxicity of methyllycaconitine (MLA) in mice were assessed following...

Author(s)
Welch, K. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.; Green, B. T.; Cook, D.; Pfister, J. A.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Davis, T. Z.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' in Washington and Oregon: identification of the alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sericeus</i>, <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus sulphureus</i>, and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Lupinus leucophyllus</i>.

The characteristic alkaloid profiles of L. sulphureus, L. leucophyllus and L. sericeus in northeastern Oregon and the Channel Scablands of east-central Washington, USA, were studied. Seven chemotypes were identified from the collections of L. sulphureus. Chemotype A collected near Ritzville,...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Davis, T. Z.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Mimosa tenuiflora</i> and associated methods of analysis.

The alkaloid contents of the leaves and seeds of M. tenuiflora collected from northeastern Brazil were studied. Alkaloids were isolated by classical acid/base extraction procedures and by cation exchange solid phase extraction. The crude alkaloid fractions were then analysed by thin layer...

Author(s)
Gardner, D. R.; Riet-Correa, F.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Distribution of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium occidentale</i> chemotypes and their potential toxicity.

Field samples of D. occidentale populations (1464 plants representing 118 accessions) were collected in the summer of 2007 and 2008 throughout the geographical distribution of D. occidentale, including Utah, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada and Oregon, USA. These samples, along with 599...

Author(s)
Cook, D.; Gardner, D. R.; Pfister, J. A.; Welch, K. D.; Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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