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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Effects of lantadenes on mitochondrial bioenergetics.

The effects of lantadene (LA) isolated from L. camara and its reduced derivative lantadene A (RLA) on mitochondrial bioenergetics (respiration, membrane potential and ATP level) in isolated rat liver mitochondria were studied. At all concentrations (5, 10, 15 and 25 µM), RLA significantly...

Author(s)
Garcia, A. F.; Medeiros, H. C. D.; Pasquali, G. A. M.; Maioli, M. A.; Rocha, B. A.; Costa, F. B. da; Curti, C.; Groppo, M.; Mingatto, F. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Chemistry of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Dieffenbachia picta</i>.

Studies on the toxicology and chemical composition (including that of the latex) of D. picta [D. seguine] are summarized.

Author(s)
Barbi, N. S.; Lucchetti, L.; Pereira, N. A.; Silva, A. J. R. da
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Secondary toxicity from the ingestion of meat, offal, or milk from animals consuming corynetoxins is unlikely.

This chapter presents a study investigating whether meat, offal or milk from cattle consuming corynetoxins (CT) present a risk of causing secondary toxicity. In this study, clinical annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) was produced in cattle by feeding them toxic ryegrass (Lolium rigidum), and then...

Author(s)
Allen, J. G.; Mullan, B. P.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Production of a saxitoxin standard from cyanobacteria.

A methodology for the production of a saxitoxin (STX) standard from cyanobacteria (Raphydiopsis brookii strain SPC 338) was developed. The cyanobacterium was cultured in 5-litre culture bottles in ASM-1 medium, pH 7.4 at 22±1°C, under continuous light at an irradiance of 45-50 mmol m-2 s-1 and...

Author(s)
Pípole, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Carvalho, L. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Comparative study of monocrotaline toxicity on peritoneal macrophage activity when dosed for 14 or 28 days.

This study evaluated if monocrotaline (MCT) administration to rats for 28 days has a modulatory effect on nitric oxide (NO) production by peritoneal macrophages (MO). MCT from Crotalaria spectabilis was dissolved and mixed with 1.0% phosphoric acid solution. Distilled water was then added to...

Author(s)
Benassi, J. C.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.; Hueza, I. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays.

Two cell lines were used to study the activities of teratogenic nAChR agonist N-methylconiine, i.e. TE-671 cells, which express fetal human muscle-type nAChR, and SH-SY57 cells, which have the characteristics of fetal human sympathetic neurons. The activities of N-methylconiine were then compared...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Kem, W.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Rotenoids, neurotoxic principles of seeds from <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Aeschynomene indica</i> (Leguminosae).

The toxicological effects of the extract from A. indica seeds on mice and toxic compounds in the extract were studied. The ethanol extract of the seeds was suspended in 10 ml of 80% ethanol, yielding a white solid residue. This residue was filtered and identified as starch. After concentration...

Author(s)
Borghi, G. A.; Latorre, A. O.; Lopes, P. L.; Higa, K. C.; Lopes, L. M. X.; Maiorka, P. C.; Górniak, S. L.; Haraguchi, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for LC/MS/MS analysis of the daphnane orthoester simplexin in poisonous <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Pimelea</i> species of Australian rangelands.

Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (MS)/MS was used to analyse toxins in P. trichostachia, P. simplex subsp. continua, P. simplex subsp. continua and P. elongata samples (flowers, seeds, branches, main stem, leaves and roots) collected from various locations in Queensland, Saskatchewan and New ...

Author(s)
Fletcher, M. T.; Chow, K. Y. S.; Silcock, R. G.; Milson, J. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Mimosa tenuiflora</i> and associated methods of analysis.

The alkaloid contents of the leaves and seeds of M. tenuiflora collected from northeastern Brazil were studied. Alkaloids were isolated by classical acid/base extraction procedures and by cation exchange solid phase extraction. The crude alkaloid fractions were then analysed by thin layer...

Author(s)
Gardner, D. R.; Riet-Correa, F.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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