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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geitlerinema unigranulatum</i> (cyanobacteria) extract induces alterations in microcirculation and ischemic injury.

The effects of the toxic methanolic extract (ME) of G. unigranulatum [G. amphibium] (SPC 920) on the microcirculation and muscle fibres of mice were studied using intravital microscopy. For topical administration, ME at 20, 40 or 120 µg diluted in 20 µlitres of sterile saline solution was applied...

Author(s)
Dogo, C. R.; Bruni, F. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Rangel, M.; Lima, C.; Carvalho, L. R. de; Lopes-Ferreira, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hemolytic and spasmolytic assays of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum asterophorum</i> Mart. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to investigate a possible haemolytic effect on rat erythrocytes and spasmolytic activity on rat aorta and guineapig ileum of a methanol extract obtained from roots of Solanum asterophorum (Sast-MeOHR). A sample of blood was collected from fasting Wistar male rats to obtain...

Author(s)
Silva, P. C. B.; Vasconcelos, M. A. de; Lima, L. C. G. C.; Silva, L. O.; Silva, K. M.; Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Silva, T. M. S.; Silva, B. A.; Cavalcante, F. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Chemical analysis of toxic principles in preparations of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Ruta graveolens</i> and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Petiveria alliacea</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the chemical composition of preparations from the leaves of Petiveria alliacea and Ruta graveolens and correlate chemical compositions with their toxicological effects. Plants of both species were grown and collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Fresh leaves of...

Author(s)
Amaral, A. C. F.; Silva, J. R. de A.; Falcão, D. Q.; Ferreirinha, L. G.; Santos, A. R. dos; Araújo, R. B.; Ferreira, J. L. P.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Antimicrobial effect of an extract of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Anacardium occidentale</i> Linn against clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Staphylococcus aureus</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the cashew extract against hospital isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Extracts were obtained from the cashew bark and tested for its antibacterial activity against 20 strains of S. aureus. The results showed the potent...

Author(s)
Lacerda, J. T. J. G. de; Silva, J. G. da; Higino, J. S.; Pereira, J. V.; Pereira, M. S. V.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Piper methysticum</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the occurrence of liver damage induced by an extract of kava (Piper methysticum) using chronic pre-clinical toxicological tests in rats. Adult male and female Wistar rats were subjected to daily doses of kava extract orally by gavage for 13 weeks. At the end of...

Author(s)
Amorim, M. F.; Trigueiro, M. S.; Diniz, M. F. F. M.; Almeida, R. N. de; Santos, H. B.; Amaral, J. R. do; Batista, L. M.; Branco, M. S. C.; Diniz, J. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxicology study of ethanolic extract from aerial parts of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Jatropha gossypiifolia</i> L. in rats.

The ethanolic extract of the leaves and stems of J. gossypiifolia was administered to male and female Wistar rats at 1.2, 1.8, 2.7, 4.0 or 5.0 g/kg body weight (BW). Each group was observed for 14 days after the treatment and monitored for clinical signs, lethality, body weight gain, and food and...

Author(s)
Mariz, S. R.; Cerqueira, G. S.; Araújo, W. C.; Dantas, J. G.; Ramalho, J. A.; Palomaro, T. V.; Barbosa Júnior, N. L.; Duarte, J. C.; Santos, H. B. dos; Olveira, K.; Araújo, M. S. T. de; Diniz, M. F. F. M.; Medeiros, I. A. de
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of hemolytic and spasmolytic activities of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Sargassum polyceratium</i> Montagne (Sargassaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the cytotoxic potential of the crude ethanolic extract from Sargassum polyceratium (Sarg-EtOH) in rat erythrocytes and investigate its spasmolytic activity on guineapig ileum. For the determination of the effect of the Sarg-EtOH extract on rat erythrocytes, blood ...

Author(s)
Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Monteiro, F. S.; Souza, F. H. T.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Miranda, G. E. C. de; Dias, C. S.; Barbosa Filho, J. M.; Cavalcante, F. A.; Silva, B. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Investigation of hemolytic and spasmolytic activities of the total alkaloid fraction from root bark of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum paludosum</i> Moric. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the cytotoxicity of the total alkaloid fraction from root bark of Solanum paludosum (TAF-SP) on rat erythrocytes and investigate its possible spasmolytic effect on rat uterus and guineapig trachea. To determine the effect of the TAF-SP on rat erythrocytes, an...

Author(s)
Correia, A. C. C.; Monteiro, F. de S.; Macêdo, C. L.; Basílio, I. J. L. D.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Agra, M. F.; Bhattacharyya, J.; Cavalcante, F. A.; Silva, B. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of immunotoxic properties of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Senecio brasiliensis</i>: study of toxicity in rats.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to (i) determine the dose of S. brasiliensis extract that could cause toxicity in male rats, and (ii) establish if there were lower doses that did not induce substantial toxicity that may, however, induce immunotoxic effects from S....

Author(s)
Elias, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Maintaining aversion to <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geigeria ornativa</i> (Vermeerbos) in sheep by means of continuous exposure to an aversive mixture presented in a self-feeder.

Studies were conducted to investigate whether continuous exposure to an aversive mixture, presented in a self-feeder in the field, would accomplish persistent intake of the aversive mixture and thereby sustain aversion of sheep to Geigeria ornativa. Fifteen 2-year-old Dorper wethers averted to G....

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Theunissen, A.; Mosia, K.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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