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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Plant poisonings in Mato Grosso do Sul.

This chapter reports the epidemiology, clinical signs, gross and histological findings, and control measures of the poisoning by plants in herbivores in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, central-western Brazil, during 1994-2008. Plants causing hepatogenous photosensitization, sudden death,...

Author(s)
Lemos, R. A. A. de; Guimarães, E. B.; Carvalho, N. M.; Nogueira, A. P. A.; Santos, B. S.; Souza, R. I. C.; Cardinal, S. G.; Kassab, H. O.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants of the state of Piauí, Northeastern Brazil.

In the State of Piauí (Brazil), knowledge about plants poisonous to livestock began to emerge during the 1950s when many plants were recognized as toxic. Presently, 16 plants are known to be toxic in the State, and 4 plants are considered toxic by farmers and veterinarians, but there is no...

Author(s)
Silva, S. M. M. S.; Mello, G. W.; Costa, F. A. L.; Carvalho, C. J. S.; Cavalcante, M. V. F. L.; Oliveira, D. M.; Riet-Correa, F.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Piper methysticum</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the occurrence of liver damage induced by an extract of kava (Piper methysticum) using chronic pre-clinical toxicological tests in rats. Adult male and female Wistar rats were subjected to daily doses of kava extract orally by gavage for 13 weeks. At the end of...

Author(s)
Amorim, M. F.; Trigueiro, M. S.; Diniz, M. F. F. M.; Almeida, R. N. de; Santos, H. B.; Amaral, J. R. do; Batista, L. M.; Branco, M. S. C.; Diniz, J. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of anticholinesterasic activity of strain SPC 920-<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geitlerinema unigranulatum</i> (oscillatoriales, cyanobacteria).

Studies were conducted to determine the toxic compounds and potential pharmaceutical drugs in extracts of SPC 920- Geitlerinema unigranulatum. Lyophilized cells of G. unigranulatum were obtained from batch cultures and freeze-dried cells were extracted and submitted to HPLC analysis. The toxicity...

Author(s)
Dogo, C. R.; Rangel, M.; Cardoso-Lopes, E. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Bruni, F. M.; Lopes-Ferreira, M.; Carvalho, L. R. de
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants of Cuba.

In Cuba, 388 plant species were previously reported as toxic, 28 of these are endemic, and grouped into 260 genera from 98 families. This chapter describes some plants affecting the cardio-circulatory system and those causing hepatotoxicity/photodermatitis in animals including livestock and in...

Author(s)
Marrero, E.; Goicochea, C. B.; Perera, L. M. S.; Páez, I. P.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants affecting grazing cattle in Colombia.

This chapter review describes some of the plants potentially toxic for cattle in Colombia. These plants include those affecting the blood, cardiac muscle, liver (either by causing hepatocellular necrosis or by inducing intrahepatic cholestasis), digestive, urinary, nervous, musculoskeletal systems...

Author(s)
Diaz, G. J.; Boermans, H. J.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Natural and experimental poisoning of bovines by <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Cestrum corymbosum</i> Schltdl. in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Cases of death with postmortem findings of acute hepatic insufficiency have been observed during the last few years in bovines (such as cattle) from the Estiva region in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A plant commonly found in the pasture was identified as Cestrum corymbosum, a shrub belonging...

Author(s)
Varaschin, M. S.; Wouters, F.; Petta, I.; Bezerra, P. S., Jr.; Wouters, A. T. B.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The guinea pig as an animal model for α-mannosidosis.

This study aims to evaluate the possible toxic effects promoted by Ipomoea carnea dry leaves in laboratory guinea pigs and propose a new experimental model for the reproduction of α-mannosidosis. Six male, 4-week-old, Hartley guinea pigs were fed with commercial pellet material mixed with I. carnea ...

Author(s)
Cholich, L. A.; Gimeno, E. J.; Teibler, P. G.; Jorge, N.; Acosta, O. C.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Metabolism of the endophyte toxin lolitrem B in cattle liver microsomes.

In this study, cattle liver microsomes were cultured with 2.9 µM lolitrem B from the endophyte Neotyphodium lolii infecting perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Metabolites were detected using HPLC and mass spectrometry. It was shown that lolitrem B was metabolized by bovine liver microsomes at an...

Author(s)
Duringer, J. M.; Craig, A. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis pteronioides</i> toxicity.

The purpose of this study is to develop a small animal model of B. pteronioides toxicity, describe the clinical, gross, and histologic lesions of poisoning, and initiate chemical studies to identify the toxin and characterize and describe its toxicity. Leaves of B. pteronioides, collected from Utah ...

Author(s)
Stegelmeier, B. L.; Sani, Y.; Pfister, J. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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