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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geitlerinema unigranulatum</i> (cyanobacteria) extract induces alterations in microcirculation and ischemic injury.

The effects of the toxic methanolic extract (ME) of G. unigranulatum [G. amphibium] (SPC 920) on the microcirculation and muscle fibres of mice were studied using intravital microscopy. For topical administration, ME at 20, 40 or 120 µg diluted in 20 µlitres of sterile saline solution was applied...

Author(s)
Dogo, C. R.; Bruni, F. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Rangel, M.; Lima, C.; Carvalho, L. R. de; Lopes-Ferreira, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Hemolytic and spasmolytic assays of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum asterophorum</i> Mart. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to investigate a possible haemolytic effect on rat erythrocytes and spasmolytic activity on rat aorta and guineapig ileum of a methanol extract obtained from roots of Solanum asterophorum (Sast-MeOHR). A sample of blood was collected from fasting Wistar male rats to obtain...

Author(s)
Silva, P. C. B.; Vasconcelos, M. A. de; Lima, L. C. G. C.; Silva, L. O.; Silva, K. M.; Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Silva, T. M. S.; Silva, B. A.; Cavalcante, F. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Chemical analysis of toxic principles in preparations of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Ruta graveolens</i> and <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Petiveria alliacea</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the chemical composition of preparations from the leaves of Petiveria alliacea and Ruta graveolens and correlate chemical compositions with their toxicological effects. Plants of both species were grown and collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Fresh leaves of...

Author(s)
Amaral, A. C. F.; Silva, J. R. de A.; Falcão, D. Q.; Ferreirinha, L. G.; Santos, A. R. dos; Araújo, R. B.; Ferreira, J. L. P.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Antimicrobial effect of an extract of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Anacardium occidentale</i> Linn against clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Staphylococcus aureus</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the cashew extract against hospital isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Extracts were obtained from the cashew bark and tested for its antibacterial activity against 20 strains of S. aureus. The results showed the potent...

Author(s)
Lacerda, J. T. J. G. de; Silva, J. G. da; Higino, J. S.; Pereira, J. V.; Pereira, M. S. V.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Piper methysticum</i>.

Studies were conducted to determine the occurrence of liver damage induced by an extract of kava (Piper methysticum) using chronic pre-clinical toxicological tests in rats. Adult male and female Wistar rats were subjected to daily doses of kava extract orally by gavage for 13 weeks. At the end of...

Author(s)
Amorim, M. F.; Trigueiro, M. S.; Diniz, M. F. F. M.; Almeida, R. N. de; Santos, H. B.; Amaral, J. R. do; Batista, L. M.; Branco, M. S. C.; Diniz, J. M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of immunotoxic properties of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Senecio brasiliensis</i>: study of toxicity in rats.

This chapter presents the results of a study conducted to (i) determine the dose of S. brasiliensis extract that could cause toxicity in male rats, and (ii) establish if there were lower doses that did not induce substantial toxicity that may, however, induce immunotoxic effects from S....

Author(s)
Elias, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Haraguchi, M.; Górniak, S. L.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Maintaining aversion to <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Geigeria ornativa</i> (Vermeerbos) in sheep by means of continuous exposure to an aversive mixture presented in a self-feeder.

Studies were conducted to investigate whether continuous exposure to an aversive mixture, presented in a self-feeder in the field, would accomplish persistent intake of the aversive mixture and thereby sustain aversion of sheep to Geigeria ornativa. Fifteen 2-year-old Dorper wethers averted to G....

Author(s)
Snyman, L. D.; Schultz, R. A.; Theunissen, A.; Mosia, K.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>).

Studies were conducted to address conditioned flavour aversion (CFA) and place avoidance learning in hamsters given injections of alkaloid extracts from tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), determine if larkspur had reinforcing or negative properties sufficient to cause place avoidance or preference ...

Author(s)
Pfister, J. A.; Cheney, C. D.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Evaluation of the cytotoxic and spasmolytic activities of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Solanum asperum</i> Rich. (Solanaceae).

Studies were conducted to determine the haemolytic activity of the methanol extract obtained from roots of Solanum asperum (SAr-MeOH) on rat erythrocytes and its spasmolytic activity on guineapig trachea and ileum. Blood samples were collected from rats through cardiac puncture to obtain...

Author(s)
Lima, L. O.; Silva, A. D. S.; Silva, P. C. B.; Correia, A. C. C.; Macêdo, C. L.; Pessôa, H. L. F.; Silva, T. M. S.; Silva, B. A.; Cavalcante, F. A.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic effects of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Baccharis trimera</i> on pregnant rats and their conceptuses.

Studies were conducted to evaluate the effects of the hydroethanolic extract of Baccharis trimera (HEBT) in pregnant rats when administered during the period of organogenesis and the entire pregnancy and the occurrence of malformations and/or variations in their litters. A total of 35 nulliparous...

Author(s)
Grance, S. R. M.; Teixeira, M. A.; Oliveira, R. J.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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