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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Chemistry of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Dieffenbachia picta</i>.

Studies on the toxicology and chemical composition (including that of the latex) of D. picta [D. seguine] are summarized.

Author(s)
Barbi, N. S.; Lucchetti, L.; Pereira, N. A.; Silva, A. J. R. da
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Alkaloid profiles of <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Mimosa tenuiflora</i> and associated methods of analysis.

The alkaloid contents of the leaves and seeds of M. tenuiflora collected from northeastern Brazil were studied. Alkaloids were isolated by classical acid/base extraction procedures and by cation exchange solid phase extraction. The crude alkaloid fractions were then analysed by thin layer...

Author(s)
Gardner, D. R.; Riet-Correa, F.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Poisoning by plants, mycotoxins, and algae in Argentinian livestock.

This chapter describes some (i) plants causing hepatic necrosis and fibrosis, primary photosensitivity, and sudden death; (ii) plants, fungi and algae causing hepatogenic photosensitivity; (iii) plants affecting the central nervous and digestive systems; (iv) nephrotoxic, cyanogenic, systemic...

Author(s)
Odriozola, E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants affecting grazing cattle in Colombia.

This chapter review describes some of the plants potentially toxic for cattle in Colombia. These plants include those affecting the blood, cardiac muscle, liver (either by causing hepatocellular necrosis or by inducing intrahepatic cholestasis), digestive, urinary, nervous, musculoskeletal systems...

Author(s)
Diaz, G. J.; Boermans, H. J.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Production of a saxitoxin standard from cyanobacteria.

A methodology for the production of a saxitoxin (STX) standard from cyanobacteria (Raphydiopsis brookii strain SPC 338) was developed. The cyanobacterium was cultured in 5-litre culture bottles in ASM-1 medium, pH 7.4 at 22±1°C, under continuous light at an irradiance of 45-50 mmol m-2 s-1 and...

Author(s)
Pípole, F.; Hueza, I. M.; Sant'Anna, C. L.; Carvalho, L. R.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (<i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Delphinium barbeyi</i>) alkaloids in cattle.

The toxicity of larkspur (D. barbeyi) alkaloids in mixed-breed beef cows (used in the dose-response study) and black Angus steers (used in the toxicokinetic study) was investigated. Changes in heart rate and electromyography (EMG) response were detected at 24 h after the administration of dried...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Pfister, J. A.; Cook, D.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Lee, S. T.; Gardner, D. R.; Panter, K. E.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays.

Two cell lines were used to study the activities of teratogenic nAChR agonist N-methylconiine, i.e. TE-671 cells, which express fetal human muscle-type nAChR, and SH-SY57 cells, which have the characteristics of fetal human sympathetic neurons. The activities of N-methylconiine were then compared...

Author(s)
Green, B. T.; Lee, S. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Kem, W.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Rotenoids, neurotoxic principles of seeds from <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Aeschynomene indica</i> (Leguminosae).

The toxicological effects of the extract from A. indica seeds on mice and toxic compounds in the extract were studied. The ethanol extract of the seeds was suspended in 10 ml of 80% ethanol, yielding a white solid residue. This residue was filtered and identified as starch. After concentration...

Author(s)
Borghi, G. A.; Latorre, A. O.; Lopes, P. L.; Higa, K. C.; Lopes, L. M. X.; Maiorka, P. C.; Górniak, S. L.; Haraguchi, M.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Toxic plants grown in gardens in Alto Branco, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.

This chapter presents the results of a study aimed to do a survey on toxic plant species present in gardens in Alto Branco, in the city of Campina Grande (Paraíba, Brazil), as well as to do a brief summary of the main characteristics related to each one of the species in order to have a greater...

Author(s)
Brito, R. G.; Santos, R. L.; Guimarães, G. P.; Dantas, I. C.; Felismino, D. C.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants.

The acute toxicosis and toxicokinetics of Se (6 mg/kg body weight) in lambs orally dosed with selenate, methylselenocysteine (MeSeCys), selenomethionine (the most common form of Se in non-primary accumulator forages) and the Se-accumulator plant western aster (Aster ascendens [Symphyotrichum...

Author(s)
Davis, T. Z.; Stegelmeier, B. L.; Green, B. T.; Welch, K. D.; Panter, K. E.; Hall, J. O.
ISBN
2011 CABI (H ISBN 9781845938338)
Type
Book chapter; Conference paper

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