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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Blood vascular system.

This chapter describes the characteristics of the vascular system in cats and dogs, including blood flow, blood vessels, the role of blood in biochemical transport, blood composition, haematology, blood clotting, haemodynamics, cardiac rhythm and the lymphatic system. Some medical conditions that...

Author(s)
Aspinall, V.; Cappello, M.; Phillips, C.
ISBN
2020 CABI (H ISBN 9781789241150)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Glutamate decarboxylase.

Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) catalyses the decarboxylation of glutamate to produce γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In plants, its activity is modulated by pH and calcium. The regulation of GAD activity by calcium is through a calmodulin binding domain that seems to be specific for the plant kingdom,...

Author(s)
Molina-Rueda, J. J.; Garrido-Aranda, A.; Gallardo, F.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid export in plants.

Amino acids are the main form of nitrogen transported in the plant body, and the transport of amino acids across cellular and sub-cellular membranes is considered essential for nitrogen economy in plants. In particular, the long-distance transport of amino acids through the phloem and xylem, and...

Author(s)
Price, M. B.; Okumoto, S.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Functional role of polyamines and polyamine-metabolizing enzymes during salinity, drought and cold stresses.

This chapter focuses on polyamine synthesis, degradation, conjugation and transport in plants, and on the regulation of polyamine and polyamine-metabolizing enzymes under salinity, drought and cold stress. Advances in transgenic approaches with polyamine-regulatory genes to improve stress tolerance ...

Author(s)
Aryadeep Roychoudhury; Kaushik Das
ISBN
2014 CABI (H ISBN 9781780642734)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Role of polyamines in stress management.

This chapter provides an overview of the physiological roles (i.e. in embryogenesis, vegetative growth and reproduction) and metabolism (biosynthesis, catabolism, regulation and transport) of polyamines in plants, and discusses the role of polyamines in plant abiotic (cold stress, drought, heavy...

Author(s)
Renu Bhardwaj; Indu Sharma; Neha Handa; Dhriti Kapoor; Harpreet Kaur; Vandana Gautam; Sukhmeen Kohli
ISBN
2014 CABI (H ISBN 9781780642734)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Asparagine synthetase.

Asparagine (Asn) is an amino acid which serves as a carrier and storage form of nitrogen. In this chapter, the history, chemical properties and general role of Asn will be examined, followed by an account of the history of asparagine synthetase (AsnS) research in humans, microbes and plants. The...

Author(s)
Duff, S. M. G.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for D-serine and serine racemase in the retina.

Recent data suggest that D-serine is the endogenous ligand for the 'glycine' binding site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptor. This chapter reviews evidence that this is the case, not only in brain, but also in the retina. Information is provided documenting the...

Author(s)
Smith, S. B.; Ha, Y.; Ganapathy, V.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acid transport across each side of the blood-brain barrier.

Brain capillary endothelial cells form the blood-brain barrier (BBB). They are connected by extensive tight junctions, and are polarized into luminal (blood-facing) and abluminal (brain-facing) plasma membrane domains. The polar distribution of transport proteins mediates amino acid (AA)...

Author(s)
Hawkins, R. A.; Viña, J. R.; Peterson, D. R.; O'Kane, R.; Mokashi, A.; Simpson, I. A.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Inter-organ fluxes of amino acids.

Plasma amino acid pools are regulated by production and disposal. Whereas essential amino acids are dependent on protein breakdown for their plasma flux, non-essential amino acids are produced de novo within the body. In many instances these production processes are encased in metabolic cycles,...

Author(s)
Poll, M. C. G. van de; Dejong, C. H. C.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Cytoskeleton-based lipid transport in a parasitic protozoan, <i xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">Giardia lamblia</i>.

The early-divergent protozoan Giardia lamblia, which is a major cause of waterborne enteric disease worldwide, was shown to possess limited lipid synthesis ability and to depend upon preformed lipid molecules for energy production and membrane biosynthesis. Therefore, questions regarding how ...

Author(s)
Castillo, C.; Hernandez, Y.; Roychowdhury, S.; Das, S.
ISBN
2009 CABI (H ISBN 9781845933913)
Type
Book chapter

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