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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acids, protein and the gut.

This chapter reviews protein and amino acid metabolism in the human gastrointestinal tract, highlighting alterations in protein- and amino acid-related gut metabolism in patients on parenteral nutrition.

Author(s)
Soeters, P. B.; Poll, M. C. G. van de
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780643113)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The use of hormonal factors to promote intestinal function in short bowel syndrome.

This chapter discusses adaptive changes in intestinal physiology in short bowel syndrome (SBS). Published results of clinical trials that have utilized growth hormone, glutamine and glucagon-like peptide-2 and its analogue (teduglutide), in the treatment of SBS patients are then presented.

Author(s)
Jeppesen, P. B.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780643113)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for The central role of glutamate and aspartate in the post-translational control of respiration and nitrogen assimilation in plant cells.

The assimilation of inorganic N, in the form of NH4+, into glutamine and glutamate via glutamine synthetase (GS) and glutamine oxoglutarate aminotransferase (GOGAT) is a pivotal metabolic process in plants. This is because glutamate and glutamine are the primary amino donors for the biosynthesis of ...

Author(s)
O'Leary, B.; Plaxton, W. C.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for An insight into the role and regulation of glutamine synthetase in plants.

Nitrogen is the most essential plant macronutrient and the major limiting factor for plant growth and productivity. It is assimilated into glutamine by the activity of the enzyme glutamine synthetase (GS), and the activity of this enzyme plays a central role in the assimilation and re-assimilation...

Author(s)
Sengupta-Gopalan, C.; Ortega, J. L.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Asparagine synthetase.

Asparagine (Asn) is an amino acid which serves as a carrier and storage form of nitrogen. In this chapter, the history, chemical properties and general role of Asn will be examined, followed by an account of the history of asparagine synthetase (AsnS) research in humans, microbes and plants. The...

Author(s)
Duff, S. M. G.
ISBN
2015 CAB International (H ISBN 9781780642635)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Inter-organ fluxes of amino acids.

Plasma amino acid pools are regulated by production and disposal. Whereas essential amino acids are dependent on protein breakdown for their plasma flux, non-essential amino acids are produced de novo within the body. In many instances these production processes are encased in metabolic cycles,...

Author(s)
Poll, M. C. G. van de; Dejong, C. H. C.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acids in clinical and nutritional support: glutamine in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Nutritional support improves outcome in several clinical conditions. Glutamine (Gln), a non-essential amino acid, has distinct properties, apart from providing nitrogen for protein synthesis. This chapter aims to provide an indepth review on the efficacy of oral Gln on protein metabolism and...

Author(s)
Mok, E.; Hankard, R.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Role of nutrients in immune functions.

This chapter on the role of nutrients in the immune response summarizes current knowledge of the important role some nutrients play in maintaining the defence mechanisms and the integrity of the immune systems of the body. It specifically examines the role in immune response and function of macro...

Author(s)
Shetty, P.
ISBN
2010 CABI (H ISBN 9780851995311)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Emergence of a new momentum.

It is appropriate and instructive to review the evidence presented in the preceding chapters of Amino Acids in Human Nutrition and Health. The purpose here is to integrate the individual sets of conclusions in a manner that emphasizes not only the underlying complexities of interdependence in amino ...

Author(s)
D'Mello, J. P. F.
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845937980)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Amino acids, protein and the intestine.

The role of the gut in the intermediary metabolism of amino acids and proteins is discussed, as well as the specific functions of the different amino acids and their intermediate products. Also, the disturbances in intermediary metabolism of amino acids, specifically of glutamine, citrulline,...

Author(s)
Soeters, P. B.; Poll, M. C. G. van de
ISBN
2006 CABI (H ISBN 9781845931568)
Type
Book chapter

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