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CAB eBooks

Ebooks on agriculture and the applied life sciences from CAB International

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CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Metagenomic approaches in harnessing gut microbial diversity.

The mechanisms involved in the digestive process of the rumen are complex, and are accomplished by a diverse and dynamic group of microbes. Microbial diversity in the rumen has been predicted to enhance the resistance of the network of metabolic pathways by increasing the number of genes encoding...

Author(s)
Thulasi, A.; Lyju Jose; Chandrasekharaiah, M.; Rajendran, D.; Prasad, C. S.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Proteomics in studying the molecular mechanism of fibre degradation.

The degradation of plant cell walls by ruminants is of major economic importance in the developed as well as the developing world. Rumen fermentation and degradation of cell wall relies on the cooperation between the microorganisms that produce fibrolytic enzymes and the host animal, which provides ...

Author(s)
Singh, N. K.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Thermodynamic and kinetic control of methane emissions from ruminants.

CH4 emissions occur directly from animal digestion (enteric) and from animal waste that is stored under anaerobic conditions. In both regards, CH4 emissions depends on kinetic and thermodynamic factors. With kinetic control, the profile of products formed depends on the relative rates of the...

Author(s)
Kohn, R. A.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Immunization and tannins in livestock enteric methane amelioration.

The complexity of the rumen microbial ecosystem supports the efficient conversion of various carbohydrates to volatile fatty acids for fulfilling host energy requirement via stepwise disposal of hydrogen (H2) through the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) to methane (CH4). Although, this mechanism...

Author(s)
Uyeno, Y.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Phage therapy in livestock methane amelioration.

Viruses of prokaryotes (phages) are obligate microbial pathogens that can, in the lytic phase of development, infect and lyse their respective bacterial or archaeal hosts. As such, these viruses can reduce the population density of their hosts rapidly, and have been viewed as possible agents of...

Author(s)
Gilbert, R. A.; Ouwerkerk, D.; Klieve, A. V.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Production efficiency of ruminants: feed, nitrogen and methane.

This chapter discusses the production efficiency of ruminants, particularly cattle, in relation to feeds, nitrogen excretion and methane emission. Focus is given on the production efficiency of cattle, primarily that of dairy cattle, at the animal level. Improvements in production efficiency are...

Author(s)
Dijkstra, J.; France, J.; Ellis, J. L.; Strathe, A. B.; Kebreab, E.; Bannink, A.
ISBN
2013 CABI (H ISBN 9781780640426)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Enteric methane emission: status, mitigation and future challenges - an Indian perspective.

1% per annum. To stabilize this greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, global CH4 production needs to be reduced by 10-20%. Ruminants fed on low-quality feed/fodder produce over 75% of the CH4 generated by ruminants worldwide. Strategic supplementation to improve digestive efficiency in these animals...

Author(s)
Raghavendra Bhatta; Malik, P. K.; Prasad, C. S.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644325)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Rumen microbial fuel cells.

The use of native fibre for power generation in rumen MFCs (RMFC) is explored in this chapter. The biotic (degradation of plant fibre, end-products from substrate fermentation, profiles of substrate fermentation, composition and function of rumen microorganisms) and abiotic factors affecting the...

Author(s)
Wang ChinTsan; Yang, C. M. J.; Yang YungChin
ISBN
2012 CABI (H ISBN 9781845939564)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Manipulation of microbial ecology for sustainable animal production.

This chapter discusses the manipulation of rumen microorganism ecology in order to achieve sustainable animal production. Covered in this chapter are the rumen microbiome (methanogenic archaea and rumen protozoa), methane emission from livestock farming and feeding (particularly ruminants) and...

Author(s)
Wright, A. D. G.; Hook, S. E.
ISBN
2013 CABI (H ISBN 9781780640426)
Type
Book chapter
CABI Book Chapter Info
Cover for Sulfur.

This chapter discusses the significance of sulfur in the diets of ruminants focusing on its effect on wool production. Topics include the functions, dietary sources, requirements, metabolism, deficiencies, and sulfur deprivation in livestock animals.

Author(s)
Suttle, N.
ISBN
2010 CABI (H ISBN 9781845934729)
Type
Book chapter

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